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23rd Avenue Corridor Improvements Project

Updated October 8, 2015

Phase 1 Construction | Current Schedule | Background | Outreach | Materials | Cost | Contact Us

Translatedproject materials available below

  • 中文 /Chinese
  • Español/Spanish
  • TiếngViệt /Vietnamese
  • 한국의 / Korean
  • አማርኛ / Amharic
  • ትግርኛ /Tigrinya
  • Oromiffa/Oromo
  • Somali/Somali


Weekend intersection closure at E Union St October 10 – 12

Upcoming construction activities

  • Crews will close the E Union St and 23rd Ave intersection the weekend of October 10 – 12 to complete work on the water main. Work will begin Saturday afternoon and the intersection will reopen no later than 6 AM Monday. Read the construction notice for more information. Additional weekends of work at this intersection may be required this fall.
  • The intersection of E Cherry St and 23rd Ave will be closed for 2 consecutive weekends beginning Friday, October 16 for crews to work on the storm drain and begin demolition and paving at the intersection. Read more details about the closures. This work is weather dependent and additional weekends of work will be required this fall.
  • Update: The start date for early utility work in Zone C has been postponed to Monday, October 26. On that date, crews will extend their work area north of E Union St to continue replacing the water main. Crews are currently working on the water main in Zone B, between E Cherry St and E Union St. During this work, drivers can travel both north and south on 23rd Ave, though travel will be reduced to one lane in each direction.
  • Crews are working to demolish and repave sidewalks from S Jackson St to E Yesler Way on the east and west sides of 23rd Ave. Please use caution and pay attention to sidewalk closures and pedestrian detours.

Phase 1 Construction underway

Travelers in the Central Area can expect major traffic changes now that work is underway to replace the 100-year-old water main and rebuild a safer 23rd Ave. Phase 1 construction, from S Jackson St to E John St, started in June 2015 and should be complete by early 2017. Construction is also underway on the adjacent Central Area Neighborhood Greenway

We divided the project area into three work zones. Here's what's happening now:

  • In Zone A, from S Jackson St to E Cherry St, crews are rebuilding the street. A full northbound closure with detour to Martin Luther King Jr Way is in effect through early 2016.
  • In Zone B, crews are replacing the water main. Drivers can still travel both north and south on 23rd Ave, though travel will be reduced to one lane in each direction.
  • Crews will extend their water main work north into Zone C on October 26.

During construction, we encourage commuters and neighbors to use the signed detour routes or other arterials and avoid cutting through neighborhood streets.

Questions during construction?

Call the hotline: 206-727-8857



What traffic impacts can I expect?

Construction between S Jackson St and E John St is expected to last approximately 20 months. To minimize the impact of construction in front of your home, business, or route to school or work, major detours for Phase 1 construction will be divided into three zones.

  • Zone A - S Jackson St to E Cherry St: June 2015 – early 2016 (approximately 8 months) – current detour (see below)
  • Zone B - E Cherry St to E Union St: early 2016 – mid- to late- 2016 (approximately 6 months); early utility work underway now
  • Zone C - E Union St to E John St: mid- to late- 2016 – early 2017 (approximately 6 months); early utility work to begin October 26

Though the full construction detour will be in place in just one active zone at a time, the contractor will work in all 3 zones to install the new water main now in order to be more efficient. As of October 2015, crews have nearly completed water main installation in Zones A and B and will soon begin in Zone C.

click to view largerWhile the construction detour is in place in a specific zone, you can expect the following changes within that zone:

Traffic closures and changes:

  • Full northbound closure of 23rd Ave with a detour to Martin Luther King Jr Way
  • Southbound 23rd Ave traffic reduced to one lane
  • Longer travel times in the area
  • Metro bus reroutes and stop relocations
  • Restricted access to residential side streets from 23rd Ave
  • Partial and/or full weekend closures of key intersections

Typical work schedule:

  • Monday through Friday between 7 AM and 5 PM
  • Periodic evening and weekend work

Other temporary construction impacts:

  • Noise, dust and vibration
  • Heavy equipment and trucks traveling and staging
  • Pedestrian access maintained, though temporary pedestrian detours required
  • Short-term driveway impacts
  • Short-term water service interruptions
  • Temporary loss of parking on side streets

How to use the detour

Northbound traffic within the active construction zone will be detoured east to Martin Luther King Jr Way. To access a home or business mid-zone, drivers will need to use Martin Luther King Jr Way (or another nearby arterial) to travel northbound and turn onto an east-west street at the end of a zone – S Jackson, E Cherry, E Union or E Madison/John streets – to then go southbound on 23rd Ave. Use the detour map at right to determine how to access a business or residence mid-zone on 23rd Ave.

We expect the first few weeks of detours in each zone to be a challenge as you adapt to the new routes. We appreciate your patience as we make adjustments to keep traffic and people moving – please plan for extra time as you travel through the corridor.

How to access your home or business during construction

Pedestrian access to your home or business entrance will be maintained. Crews can close driveways temporarily, but the Community Liaison will notify businesses and residents prior to driveway work. For businesses with a driveway of 20 feet or wider, crews may be able to work on half of the driveway at a time to maintain access.

King County Metro bus detours and stop changes

During construction, there will be long-term bus reroutes and stop relocations, due to the construction detours in each zone, as well as short-term reroutes and stop closures. See the bus detour maps and descriptions by route below for more information on the transit changes during the Zone A detour.

To get the latest information about your route and any changes during construction, visit Metro's Rider Alerts page, check for posted Rider Alerts at your bus stop, or call Metro at 206-553-3000. In advance of bus route changes, Metro will:

  • Update the Trip Planner
  • Update data for OneBusAway website and smart phone app
  • Post Rider Alerts at affected stops
  • Post routes changes on the Rider Alerts page
  • Notify Rider Alert subscribers of the changes via text message

Southbound Route 48: Southbound service will continue on 23rd Ave but may be delayed. Some bus stops may be temporarily closed, as needed for construction. Adjacent stops will remain open.

Northbound Route 48: During active construction in a zone, northbound Route 48 will follow the Martin Luther King Jr Way detour, along with general purpose traffic, and go west back to 23rd Ave at the end of the active work zone to continue north on 23rd Ave. See map.

Two additional temporary stops will serve northbound Route 48: just north of S Jackson St and just north of E Yesler Way on Martin Luther King Jr Way.

Southbound Route 4: On weekdays, Route 4 will only operate as far as 21st Ave and E James St. Route 4 will not travel south of Garfield High School on weekdays because this route uses trolley buses and no substitute diesel buses are available on weekdays.

On weekends, Metro will operate a revised Route 4 using a diesel bus that does not require trolley wire. See map.

Northbound and southbound Route 8: Will operate on Martin Luther King Jr Way between S Jackson St and E Yesler Way. See map. (They will not operate via S Jackson St, 23rd Ave S and E Yesler Way northbound or via E Yesler Way, 23rd Ave S and S Jackson St southbound.)

Two additional temporary stops will serve northbound Route 8: just north of S Jackson St and just north of E Yesler Way on Martin Luther King Jr Way.

Likewise, one additional temporary stop will serve southbound Route 8: just south of E Yesler Way on Martin Luther King Jr Way.

Why is northbound 23rd Ave closed?

To ensure the safety of pedestrians and drivers, as well as to allow enough space for crews to safely complete their work in a timely manner, northbound traffic in the active work zone will be detoured to Martin Luther King Jr Way. Southbound traffic will be maintained, though reduced to one lane at most times.

23rd Ave is a narrow street. Maintaining two-way traffic requires 22 feet, or 11-foot-wide lanes, at a minimum. Construction activities and equipment require approximately 30 feet of the roadway. The graphic below illustrates why there is not enough space in the road to accommodate more than one lane of traffic during construction

Click to view larger

Keeping your neighborhood safe and moving during construction

To balance the various needs of everyone who lives, works, plays and goes to school on and around 23rd Ave, we have identified some tools to help manage traffic and keep people safe on the neighborhood’s streets. These include:


  • Signal timing modifications to keep traffic moving
  • Left-turn restrictions to minimize traffic backups and improve traffic flow
  • Signage, including detour information
  • An adjacent neighborhood greenway to provide a safe place for people to walk and bike


  • Uniformed police officers (UPOs) and flaggers on site at the start of major traffic changes
  • Traffic speed and volume analysis
  • Speed trailers where warranted, based on analysis

How will the contractor rebuild the street?

The construction work to rebuild 23rd Avenue will consist of four main activity types:

  • Removals
    • Remove select street trees
    • Remove the existing roadway
  • Utility work
    • Replace the water main
    • Install drainage pipes
  • Rebuilding
    • Repave the roadway
    • Install sidewalks and new curb ramps
  • Final restoration work and clean up
    • Plant street trees
    • Restripe and cleanup

Your favorite businesses and organizations will be open during construction

In addition to safety and mobility, we want to ensure the local businesses and places you visit regularly remain accessible during construction.

To help local businesses stay accessible and minimize some of the construction impacts they may experience, the City will:

Minimize impact to customer access

  • Divide the construction work into three zones to limit the amount of construction time in front of any one business
  • Ensure the contractor provides continual pedestrian and vehicle access for customers
  • Place “Businesses Are Open” signs to encourage patronage during construction
  • Limit the number and duration of interruptions to driveway access
  • Keep the project area as tidy as possible throughout construction

Provide communication tools to businesses

  • Provide businesses with project information cards for front counters and/or customized maps or materials to support their individual marketing efforts
  • Have a community liaison available on-site or by phone 24 hours a day
  • Provide advance notice about construction activities, including email updates and door-to-door flyers
  • Host monthly drop-in sessions to discuss construction updates and any community concerns
  • Maintain a website with updated construction information

The City has additional resources available for businesses and organizations affected by construction; see our project materials section below. If you are a local business/organization and would like more information, please contact the Office of Economic Development directly at 206-684-8090.

Construction contact information

Construction can be difficult. If you experience any issues or have questions during construction, please contact the community liaison via phone or email anytime, day or night:


The 23rd Avenue Corridor Improvement project includes three phases:

Phase 1: S Jackson St to E John St: June 2015 – early 2017 (approximately 20 months)

  • Zone A - S Jackson St to E Cherry St: June 2015 – early 2016 (approximately 8 months) – current detour
  • Zone B - E Cherry St to E Union St: early 2016 to mid- to late- 2016  (approximately 6 months); early utility work underway now
  • Zone C - E Union St to E John St: mid- to late- 2016 – early 2017 (approximately 6 months); early utility work to begin October 26

Phase 2: S Jackson St to Rainier Ave S- construction starts in 2017 (pending additional funding)
Phase 3: E Roanoke St to E John St – transit stop improvements only – construction starts in 2017 (pending additional funding)


For a good introduction to the project, be sure to check out our overview video.

The Corridor

23rdAvenue is an essential arterial that connects a variety of users to businesses,educational institutions and residences in the Central District and beyond. Approximately 13,400-20,000 vehicles use 23rd Avenue each day. This area also serves high volumes of pedestrians, bike riders, and transit users(approximately 6,000 daily transit riders).

Why is the project needed?
The corridor is in poor condition. Currently on 23rd Avenue, there are:

  • Many collisions (more than 900 reported in five years)
  • Poor road conditions (e.g. potholes, cracked pavement)
  • Narrow lanes
  • Back-ups created by left-turning vehicles
  • Narrow and uneven sidewalks
  • Inadequate buffers between vehicles and pedestrians

Improving safety and mobility in your neighborhood

In June 2015, the Seattle Department of Transportation (SDOT) will begin construction on 23rd Avenue between S Jackson Street and E John Street. This is the first phase of a project to improve safety and mobility for people who drive, walk, bike and take transit in the area.

Project improvements vary by phase and include:

  • Modifying 23rd Avenue from a four-lane street to a three-lane street - one lane in each direction with a center left-turn lane (key intersections will stay four lanes)
  • New pavement
  • Widening sidewalks to at least five feet and repairing broken and buckling sidewalks
  • Installing new streetlights
  • Upgrading traffic signals to give transit priority at key locations
  • Consolidating bus stops to improve transit speed
  • Replacing a 100 year-old water main that runs underneath 23rd Avenue
  • Installing public art near 23rd Avenue and E Union Street
  • Implementing a greenway adjacent to 23rd Avenue, to create a quieter, safer route for people to bike and walk

The new roadway –opportunity for a safer 23rd Avenue

The new corridor will have wider lanes – one in each direction – plus a 10-foot-wide center turn lane. The turn lane will allow left-turning vehicles to make a safe left turn, while still allowing thru-traffic to continue through an intersection and down the street.

On streets with 25,000 vehicles per day or fewer, such as 23rd Avenue, changing the street design from four lanes to three can increase safety by reducing collisions, reducing speeding, allowing vehicles to turn without blocking traffic, managing drivers cutting in and out of lanes, creating space for wider sidewalks, making streets easier to cross and making it easier for freight and transit to travel. At most bus stops, the road will flare to approximately 18feet, where buses can pull to the side and vehicles can pass the stopped bus inthe travel lane. The City is also working with King County Metro to determine the benefits of electrifying the Route 48 line. The results from the study can be found in the Project Materials section below.

cross section

Public Outreach

SDOT is committed to engaging with the community and understanding the needs in the project area. To get ready for construction,we are conducting door-to-door outreach, briefing community groups and businesses, sending email and online notifications, and hosting a pre-construction open house. Please contact us if you would like to request a community briefing.

To receive project email updates, sign up below!

Email address:

Project Materials

Current materials

Translated materials

  • Phase 1 Construction Handout


Previous materials

Project Cost

SDOT has a total of $43 million in funding through a combination of local, state and federal sources. Phase 1 is estimated to cost approximately $31 million and is fully funded. SDOT has sufficient funding for Phase 2 and 3 design; however, additional funding is needed for Phase 2 and 3 construction.

Questions or Comments?


Call the 24-hour project construction hotline: 206-727-8857

Maribel Cruz
Project Communications Lead

Therese Casper
Project Manager

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