Mayors, 1890-1948

The Freeholders Charter of 1890 changed the term of office for the Mayor to two years and made the incumbent ineligible for re-election until after the lapse of two years. Elections were held on the first Monday in March. The two-year term was maintained under a new Freeholders' Charter of 1896, but the restriction on re-election was removed. Elections were changed to the Tuesday following the first Monday in March. A Charter Amendment passed by the voters on March 8, 1910, established non-partisan nominations and elections for all City elective offices. In 1921 the State Legislature established elections on the first Tuesday following the first Monday in May. Two years later, the elections were moved back to the second Tuesday in March.

White
Harry White
Second Term Began 10/14/1890
Elected under 1890 Freeholders Charter.
Resigned 11/30/1891.
Republican
Phelps
Byron Phelps
Term Began 3/19/1894
Republican
 
 
 
 
Humes
Thomas J. Humes
First Term Began 11/19/1897
Elected by City Council on the 65th ballot
to fill Wood's unexpired term.
Second Term Began 3/21/1898
Third Term Began 3/19/1900
Fourth Term Began 3/17/1902
Republican
Miller
John F. Miller
Term Began 3/16/1908
Republican
 
Cotterill
George F. Cotterill
Term Began 3/18/1912
 
 
Fitzgerald
C.B. Fitzgerald
Term Began 8/28/1919
Appointed to fill Hanson's unexpired term.
Landes
Bertha K. Landes
Term Began 6/7/1926
Landes was the first woman
mayor of a large metropolitan
American city.
Dore
John F. Dore
First Term Began 6/6/1932
 
 
 
 
Langlie
Arthur B. Langlie
First Term Began 4/27/1938
Took office early ue to Dore's death.
Second Term Began 6/3/1940
Resigned 1/11/1941 to become
Governor of Washington.
Devin
William F. Devin
First Term Began 6/1/1942
Second Term Began 6/1/1944
Third Term Began 6/1/1946
Hall
George Hall
Term Began 12/9/1891
Appointed by City Council to fill
the remainder of White's term.
Republican
Black
Frank D. Black
Term Began 3/16/1896
Black resigned after three weeks
in office. A contemporary historian
says Black was nominated, elected,
and installed over his protests.
Republican
Ballinger
Richard A. Ballinger
Term Began 3/21/1904
Republican
 
 
 
 
 
Gill
Hiram C. Gill
First Term Began 3/21/1910
Recalled at 2/9/1911 special election.
Republican
Gill
Hiram C. Gill
Second Term Began 3/16/1914
Third Term Began 3/20/1916
 
Caldwell
Hugh M. Caldwell
Term Began 3/15/1920
 
Edwards
Frank E. Edwards
First Term Began 6/4/1928
Second Term Began 6/2/1930
Recalled at special election
on 7/13/1931.
Charles Smith
Charles L. Smith
Term Began 6/4/1934
 
 
 
 
Carroll
John E. Carroll
Term Began 1/27/1941
Appointed to serve until an
election could be held in
March 1941.
Ronald
James T. Ronald
Term Began 3/31/1892
Democrat
 
 
Wood
W.D. Wood
Term Began 4/6/1896
Wood was appointed to fill the
unexpired term, but subsequently
left the City to take part in the
Klondike Gold Rush.
Republican
Moore
William Hickman Moore
Term Began 3/19/1906
Democrat
 
 
 
 
 
Dilling
George W. Dilling
Term Began 2/11/1911
Elected to fill Gill's unexpired term.
 
Hanson
Ole Hanson
Term Began 3/18/1918
Left for California on 3/18/1919
and resigned 8/28/1919.
Brown
Edwin J. Brown
First Term Began 6/5/1922
Second Term Began 6/2/1924
Harlin
Robert H. Harlin
Term Began 7/14/1931
Appointed by City Council to
fill Edwards' unexpired term.
 
Dore
John F. Dore
Second Term Began 6/1/1936
Became gravely ill and was
relieved of his office by City
Council on 4/13/1938. He died
five days later.
Millikin
Earl Millikin
Term Began 3/27/1941
Elected to serve the remainder
of Langlie's term.