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American beech

Fagus grandifolia

Description:
This stately tree has an upright oval to round shape that can provide significant shade at maturity. Be sure to give it lots of room. The toothed green leaves of summer turn a golden bronze in the fall which is when the edible beechnuts ripen. The smooth gray elephantine trunk is quite attractive in winter.

Power Line Approved: No

Min. street tree planting width: 8 feet

Mature Height: 50-60 feet

Mature Spread: 30-40 feet

Tree Shape: Upright oval to round

Where to Plant:
A great shade tree for your yard or in a wide planting strip with no overhead wires. 

Leaves:
Toothed green leaves turn golden bronze in the fall.

Flowers:
Long stemmed globular clusters and short spikes. Not showy.

Fruit:
Beechnuts are triangular and enclosed with spiny bracts. Edible and a favorite of wildlife.

Preferred Site Conditions:
Full sun to light shade. Prefers moist but well drained soil. 

Potential Problems:
No serious insect or disease problems.

Minimum Planting Distances:

  • 15 feet from house or building
  • 3 ½ feet back from the face of the curb
  • 5 feet from underground utility lines
  • 10 feet from power poles
  • 7 ½ feet from driveways (10 feet recommended)
  • 20 feet from street lights and other existing trees
  • 30 feet from street intersections

Additional Resources