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Many of the fish species covered under the HCP depend on different geographic areas—from headwaters to ocean—to complete their life histories. Consequently, the HCP includes projects and activities that extend from the headwaters of the Cedar River at the Cascade Crest downstream to where the river meets the saltwater of Puget Sound at the Ballard Locks.
The life history of Lake Washington salmon and steelhead can be viewed as a chain composed of five links extending from headwaters in the Cascade Mountains to the sea. View a map of the Five Links >
Salmon and steelhead exhibit an anadromous life history pattern; they are born in freshwater, migrate downstream to the sea and return to spawn in the stream of their birth. Varying conditions in freshwater and marine environments can have a profound effect on the health of salmon and steelhead populations. For salmon and steelhead to sustain themselves in the Lake Washington Watershed, each link in the chain must be sound and the links must remain connected. Although the Cedar River Habitat Conservation Plan focuses on the headwater areas, it makes substantial contributions to each link in the anadromous life history chain.
For additional information about HCP implementation, please contact:
Cyndy Holtz, HCP Program Manager
Seattle Public Utilities