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Grand Fir

Scientific Name:
Abies grandis

Other Common Names:
Lowland White Fir, Vancouver Fir, Yellow Fir

Under Power Lines:
No—this tree is not approved for planting under power lines.

Street Tree Planting:
Yes—minimum planting strip width of 12 feet and at least 30 feet from intersections. If planting a street tree, you must be approved for a permit.

Native to Seattle, the grand fir is truly grand. This native conifer’s narrow habit and rounded top makes it a beautiful yard tree when given room to grow.

Mature Height:
90 feet

Mature Spread:
35 feet


Shiny green needles can be up to 2 inches in length with a very lovely orange smell when touched or crushed.

2 ½ inch green, purple, or blue-gray cones

Cultural Notes:
Grows in a wide variety of soil types and can grow in either sun or shade.

Potential Problems:
Balsam twig adelgid and conifer aphids are potential problems.

Minimum Planting Distances:

  • 20 feet from house or building
  • 3 ½ feet back from the face of the curb
  • 5 feet from underground utility lines
  • 10 feet from power poles
  • 7 ½ feet from driveways (10 feet recommended)
  • 20 feet from street lights and other existing trees
  • 30 feet from street intersections

More Information:

Back to 2015 trees

Grand fir foliage (Great Plant Picks)




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