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- Common Pedestrian Issues
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Enforcement Tools

Pedestrian Toolbox
Design, Engineering, and Universal Access
Enforcement
Encouragement
Education
Planning, Land Use, and Zoning
Equity, Health, and Environment
Funding

Introduction

Enforcing traffic laws and regulating pedestrians, motorists, and other roadway users is a key element for ensuring a safe and healthy walking environment. Enforcement is not limited to law officers issuing tickets; enforcement activities can involve a variety of carrots and sticks to encourage certain behaviors and deter others. Enforcement programs can be used to educate roadway users about the traffic laws that govern them, serve as periodic reminders to obey traffic rules, encourage safer behaviors, and monitor and protect public spaces, in part through code enforcement. They can also help reinforce and support educational programs and messages.

The main goal of enforcement strategies is to deter unsafe behaviors of drivers, pedestrians, and bicyclists, and to encourage all road users to obey traffic laws and share the road safely. There are a variety of behaviors that can be targeted through enforcement.

Driver Behaviors

Pedestrian Behaviors

Bicyclist Behaviors

Enforcement is one of the toolboxes that can be employed to meet the goals of the Pedestrian Master Plan. However, enforcement used alone is not likely to have a long-term effect. Communities must utilize a combination of toolbox strategies to address specific needs and achieve long-term results. Enforcement includes city officials and staff, drivers, bicyclists, and pedestrians all working in conjunction with law enforcement. Working together to enforce rules for safe walking, bicycling, and driving makes it safer and easier for everyone to walk and bicycle.

The enforcement toolbox has five sections:

  1. Campaigns & ProgramsTools include messages and approaches to improve pedestrian safety and the walking environment by enforcing current laws, codes, and regulations.
  2. Technology & PracticeTools include patrols and speed monitoring techniques.
  3. Infrastructure ChangesMost infrastructure changes can be found in the design toolbox, but striping and signage are also important regulatory and enforcement elements.
  4. Law Enforcement Methods: Warnings & CitationsTools include penalties for violating codes, laws, and/or regulations.
  5. Community-Based StrategiesIn addition to enforcement activities by law enforcement personnel, community members can use these tools to address neighborhood concerns.

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