Architect Kevin Lynch coined the term wayfinding in 1960. For the purposes of pedestrian advocacy today, wayfinding describes an engaged approach to orienting all road users in their urban context. Operating on a scale ranging from the step-by-step to the city-wide, wayfinding utilizes a battery of audio, visual, and tactile techniques to safely guide people to destinations of which they might have been unaware when they stepped outside their doors. Particularly for people unfamiliar with an area, providing directional tools can encourage them to walk more frequently or try walking someplace new. Wayfinding tools such as crossing signs and path markings also show pedestrians where to walk.
Types of wayfinding include: