General Policy Information
Latest Revision Date: 5/21/2014
Title 1 - Department Administration
Title 2 - Department Employment
Title 3 - Employee Welfare
Title 4 - Human Resources
Title 5 - Employee Conduct
Title 6 - Arrests, Search and Seizure
Title 7 - Evidence and Property
Title 8 - Use of Force
Title 9 - Equipment and Uniforms
Title 10 - Police Facilities & Security
Title 11 - Detainee Management
Title 12 - Department Information Systems
Title 13 - Vehicle Operations
Title 14 - Emergency Operations
Title 15 - Primary Investigation
Title 16 - Patrol Operations
Effective Date: 4/10/2002
The Department will utilize bicycle patrols throughout the city and ensure that all officers assigned to mountain bike units are trained in proper bicycle operation, bicycle maintenance, and the special tactical considerations unique to policing by bike.
I. Training and Qualifications
A. An officer will be qualified to ride a mountain bike while on patrol after they have successfully completed the Department mountain bike training class.
B. Unit Captains will ensure that officers assigned to a bicycle unit keep their skills current with on-going in-service training, and may designate training days to work on specific skills.
C. A list of officers who are qualified and trained to ride a police mountain bike will be maintained by the Education & Training Section.
II. Objectives of Operation
A. Bicycle patrols can be applied in many police functions. Bicycle patrols can work in high crime areas, city parks, assist undercover operations in a surveillance or arrest team capacity, work crowd control, provide parade or demonstration escorts, respond to unusual occurrences, work at special events, and in any area that is not accessible to other vehicles. The Unit Captain and the officers assigned to the unit will determine when the use of the bicycle patrol is appropriate and safe.
B. Due to the ability of an officer on a mountain bike to move quickly and efficiently though various urban terrains, the police bike makes an effective pro-active tool. The bicycle officer can also be highly visible and more approachable to the public, promoting community policing.
C. The bicycle patrol will operate year round. It is at the discretion of the Unit Captain and officers to determine if weather conditions make it unsafe or impractical for bicycle operation.
D. The Unit Captain and the officers assigned to the bicycle unit will determine the limitations of policing by bicycle, and may develop a unit manual to address specific operational procedures.
E. Bike officers will usually not be dispatched to calls, but will respond to calls in their district when they are available and it is practical to respond.
III. Health and Fitness
A. Riding a mountain bike while on patrol is physically demanding. Officers should consider their general health and physical fitness prior to an assignment in a mountain bike unit. Officers are encouraged to get a medical checkup prior to starting an assignment in a mountain bike unit. Once assigned to a mountain bike unit, the officer should maintain the physical fitness level required for the safe and effective performance of their job.
B. Officers will practice the injury prevention techniques taught in the Department mountain bike training class. Through training and safe bicycling practices, the Department will make every effort to minimize injuries related to cycling.
A. Officers will perform the basic maintenance and safety checks on their bicycles, as taught in the mountain bike training class. Officers may perform more advanced maintenance and repair on their bicycles based on individual training and experience. Maintenance and repairs that are beyond the officer’s training or ability will be conducted by a Department approved bicycle shop.
A. Each bicycle officer will be equipped with department approved cycling clothing and gear, to include:
1. Cycling helmet, gloves, shoes, and shorts
2. Safety Glasses
4. Regular duty gear required for uniformed patrol
B. The bicycles used by the Department will be compliant with SMC 11.44.160, Lamps and reflectors on bicycles.
C. Police bicycles will be equipped based on the generally accepted standard for police bicycles. Additional equipment may be added to the bicycle as approved by the Unit Captain.
D. Bicycles will be transported in a carrier designed for this purpose or in such a manner as not to damage the bicycle or the vehicle transporting the bicycle.
E. Any damage to a bicycle will be reported to the Unit Captain.