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General Policy Information

Preface

About and Contact

Audit, Policy & Research Unit Manual

Code of Ethics

Mission Statement and Priorities

Recently Updated

Cross Reference

Latest Revision Date: 10/15/2014

Title 1 - Department Administration

1.010 - Authority and Jurisdiction

1.020 - Chain of Command

1.030 - Department Span of Control Chart

1.040 - Budget

1.050 - Grants

1.060 - Consultant Contract Administration

1.070 - Training

1.080 - Inspection and Audits

1.090 - Ticket Chain of Custody

1.100 - Ticket Audits

1.110 - Media Relations

Title 2 - Department Employment

2.020 - Appointments and Probation

2.030 - Retirements and Separations

2.050 - Collective Bargaining and Contract Management

2.060 - Grievances

2.070 - Performance Evaluations

Title 3 - Employee Welfare

3.035 - Reasonable Accommodation (ADA)

3.040 – Airborne Pathogens Control

3.045 - Bloodborne Pathogens Exposure Control

3.050 - Coordinating Officer Fatalities

3.070 - Performance Mentoring Program

3.080 - Travel Training System

3.090 - Employee Recognition Awards Program

3.170 - Honoring Those Killed in the Line of Duty

3.270 - Police Charity Committee

3.290 - Pre-Service/In-Service and Specialized Training

3.330 - Workplace Safety

3.340 - Employee Involvement Committees_JLMC

Title 4 - Human Resources

4.000 - Employee Move Tracking System (EMT)

4.005 - Police Employee Data System (PEDS)

4.010 - Employee Time Off

4.015 - Restricted Time Off for a Pre-Planned Event

4.020 - Reporting and Recording Overtime/Out of Classification Pay

4.030 - Jury Duty

4.040 - Sick Leave

4.050 - On-Duty Illness or Injury

4.060 - Long Term Disability Benefits

4.070 - Limited Duty Assignments

4.080 - Pregnancy

4.090 - Leave of Absence Without Pay

4.100 – Family and Medical Leave

4.110 - Sick Leave Donation

4.120 - Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault, and Stalking Leave

4.130 - Military Leave

4.140 - Military Spouse/Domestic Partner Leave

4.150 - Funeral Leave

Title 5 - Employee Conduct

5.001 - Standards and Duties

5.002 - Responsibilities of Employees Concerning Complaints of Possible Misconduct

5.010 - Civil Actions

5.020 - Gifts and Gratuities

5.030 - Criminal Case Testimony

5.040 - EEO Complaints and Investigations

5.060 - Employee Political Activity

5.090 - Operations Bureau General Personnel Matters

5.100 - Operations Bureau Individual Responsibilities

5.120 - Secondary Employment

5.130 - Supervisor/Employee Relationships

5.140 - Bias-Free Policing

Bias-Free Policing Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

5.150 - Use of Private Vehicles for City Business

5.160 - Citizen Observation of Officers

5.170 - Alcohol and Substance Use

5.175 - Critical Incident Stress Management Communications

5.190 - Court Appearances and Legal Proceedings

5.200 - Americans With Disabilities Act

Title 6 - Arrests, Search and Seizure

6.010 - Reporting Arrests and Detentions

6.020 - Arrests and Detentions of Foreign Nationals

6.030 - Body Cavity Searches

6.060 - Collection of Information for Law Enforcement Purposes

6.120 - Impounding Vehicles

6.130 - Informant Management

6.135 - Cooperating Witnesses

6.140 - Locating a Cell Phone during an Emergency

6.150 - Advising Persons of Right to Counsel and Miranda

6.180 - Searches-General

6.181 - Performing Inventory Searches

6.185 - Search Warrants

6.210 - Strip Searches

6.220 - Voluntary Contacts and Terry Stops

6.250 - Use of Non-SPD Canines

6.280 - Warrant Arrests

6.290 - Juvenile Investigations and Arrests

Title 7 - Evidence and Property

7.010 - Submitting Evidence

7.020 - Found Property

7.030 - Firearms & Shell Casings

7.040 - Dangerous or Hazardous Evidence

7.050 - Checking Out Evidence for Court

7.060 - Releasing Evidence

7.070 - Converting Evidence for Department Use

7.080 - Money Evidence

7.090 - Photographic Evidence

7.100 - Fingerprint Evidence

7.110 - Recorded Statements

7.120 - Narcotics Evidence

7.130 – Narcotics Training Aid and Investigative Use Drug Property Release

7.140 – Firearm Training Aid and Investigative Use

7.150 - Non-Detainee Property for Safekeeping

Title 8 - Use of Force

8.000 - Use of Force Core Principles

8.050 - Use of Force Definitions

8.100 - Using Force

8.200 - Use of Force Tools

8.300 - Use of Force Reporting and Investigation

Use of Force Public Safety Statement Card

Investigating Supervisor Scene Guide

Investigating Supervisor Precinct Guide

Investigating Supervisor Documentation Guide

Involved Officer Statement Guide

Witness Officer Statement Guide

8.400 - Reviewing Use of Force

Reviewing Lieutenant Guide

Reviewing Captain Guide

8.500 - Firearms Discharge Investigations

Officer Involved Shooting-Public Safety Statement Card

8.600 - Review of Firearms Discharges

Use-of-Force Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Title 9 - Equipment and Uniforms

9.010 - Employee Dress Standards

9.020 - Uniform

Uniform Reference Catalog

9.030 - Equipment

Equipment Reference Catalog

9.040 - Uniform and Equipment Committee

9.050 - Clothing Allowance and Reimbursement for Personal Property

9.060 - Firearms

9.065 - Firearms Training and Qualification

9.100 - Department Firearms Management

Title 10 - Police Facilities & Security

10.010 - Parking at Department Facilities

10.020 - Physical Security of Police Facilities

10.060 - Holding Cell Camera System

Title 11 - Detainee Management

11.010 - Detainee Management in Department Facilities

11.020 - Transportation of Detainees

11.030 - Guarding Detainees at a Hospital

11.040 - Booking Adult Detainees

11.050 - Detainee Property

Title 12 - Department Information Systems

12.010 - Communications

12.030 - Computer Hardware & Devices

12.040 - Computer Software

12.045 - Booking Photo Comparison Software

12.050 - Criminal Records

12.055 - Criminal Justice Research

12.060 - Department Forms Control

12.070 - Department Publications

12.080 - Department Records Access, Inspection & Dissemination

12.090 - Departmental Correspondence

12.091 - Mobile Reporting Entity (MRE) Laptops

12.110 - Use of Department E-mail & Internet Systems

12.111 - Use of Cloud Storage Services

12.120 - Telephone and Facsimile Machine Use

Title 13 - Vehicle Operations

13.010 - Collisions Involving Department Vehicles

13.015 - Collision Review Board

13.030 - Emergency Vehicle Operations

13.031 - Vehicle Eluding/Pursuits

13.040 - Patrol Operations Equipment, Police Vehicles and Facilities

13.050 - Policing by Mountain Bike

13.060 - Specialty Vehicles & Equipment

13.080 - Use of Department Vehicles

Title 14 - Emergency Operations

14.010 - After-Action Reports

14.040 - Hazardous Conditions

14.060 - Serious Incident Plan

14.070 - Serious Injury or Fatality to a Police Officer

14.080 - Task Force Mobilization

14.090 - Demonstration Management

ICS Debrief Form

14.100 - Special Event Planning

Title 15 - Primary Investigation

15.010 - Arson Investigations

15.015 – Bomb Threats and Explosive Devices

15.020 - Charge by Officer

15.055 - Death Investigations

15.080 - Follow-up Unit Notification and Follow-up Investigation

15.090 - Graffiti Incidents

15.100 - Kidnapping

15.120 - Malicious Harassment

15.130 - Missing Persons

15.140 - Narcotics Activity Report

15.150 - Narcotics

15.180 - Primary Investigations

15.185 - Vulnerable Adults-Elder Abuse and Neglect

15.190 - Theft and Recovery of Vehicle, License Plates, or License Tabs

15.200 - Retail Theft Program

15.210 - Investigating Property Held by a Pawnshop or Used-Goods Store

15.215 - Domestic Violence Firearms Seizures

15.220 - Child Welfare

15.230 - Animal Control

15.240 - Boating Accidents

15.250 - Interpreters/Translators

15.260 - Collision Investigations

15.270 - Trespass Warning Program

15.275 - Enforcing Trespass in Parks

15.280 - DUI Investigations

15.290 - Stay Out of Areas of Prostitution (SOAP)

15.300 - Stay Out of Drug Areas (SODA)-Define Boundaries

15.310 - Foreign Nationals Seeking Asylum

15.320 - Police Action on Military Reservations

15.330 - Responding to Threats and Assaults on Officers

15.340 - Robbery Response

15.350 - Significant Incident Report

15.360 - Mobile Identification Devices

15.370 - Sexual Assault Investigation

Title 16 - Patrol Operations

16.010 - Adult Entertainment

16.020 - Alley Closure

16.030 - Citizen Rider Program

16.040 - Community Police Teams

16.050 - Death Notifications

16.070 - Responding to Monitored Alarms

16.080 - Fireworks Disposal and Disposition

16.090 - In Car Video System

16.100 - Patrol Training and Publications

16.110 - Crisis Intervention

16.130 - Sick and Injured Persons

16.135 - Excited Delirium

16.140 - Traffic Direction and Control

16.150 - Snow and Ice Plan

16.160 - Ticket Vendors

16.170 - Automatic License Plate Readers

16.180 - Patrol Operations Order

16.190 - Labor Management Disputes

16.230 - Issuing Tickets and Traffic Contact Reports

16.231 - Cancelling and Voiding Tickets

16.240 - Mutual Assistance

16.250 - Interaction with the University of Washington Police Department

8.400 - Reviewing Use-of-Force

 

Effective Date: 1/1/2014

 

This section applies to all use-of-force reports, except to those involving the discharge of a firearm.

 

8.400-POL-1 Command Review of Use-of-Force

1. The Reporting Officer’s Chain of Command, to the Rank of Captain, Will Review all Type I Use-of-Force Reports


Incidents will be routed for review in the following order:

1. Sergeant

2. Lieutenant

3. Captain

Type I reports which are not re-classified for Type II or Type III investigations do not require further review.

 

2. The Use-of-Force Review Board (UOFRB) and the Involved Officer’s Bureau Chief Shall Review all Type II and Type III Use-of-Force Reports

 

3. All Reviewers Shall Evaluate Use-of-Force With Regard to Department Policy and Existing Statutes and Laws

 

4. Each Reviewer Shall Examine All of the Documentation and Acquired Evidence to Ensure That the Report is Thorough and Complete

The reviewer shall return the use-of-force report to the investigator if it is determined that an investigation is not thorough or complete.

5. Each Reviewer Shall Address Any Discrepancy, Confusion or Lack of Relevant Information Prior to Completing the Applicable Use-of-Force Review Form

Any noted discrepancies will be returned to the investigating sergeant or the FIT detective.

Means of addressing these issues include:

  • Supplementary statements from officers
  • Supplementary statements from subjects or witnesses
  • Requiring additional investigation

If such issues cannot be resolved, the issue will be noted on Use-of-Force Type II Supervisor’s Screening Report-Sgt. (form 24.10), Use-of-Force Type II Supervisor’s Screening Report-Lt. (form 24.11), or Use-of-Force Type II Supervisor’s Screening Report-Capt. (form 24.12), as applicable.

 

6. Reviewers Will Immediately Address Concerns That Arise During Use-of-Force Investigations or Review and/or Recommend Additional Action

If a reviewer identifies concerns which have not been sufficiently addressed, the reviewer will address those concerns.

The reviewer will take appropriate action and/or recommend a course of action, such as:

  • Referral to OPA
  • Referral to Training
  • Supervisory counseling

Identified concerns and supervisory actions will be documented on Use-of-Force Type II Supervisor’s Screening Report-Sgt. (form 24.10), Use-of-Force Type II Supervisor’s Screening Report-Lt. (form 24.11), or Use-of-Force Type II Supervisor’s Screening Report-Capt. (form 24.12), as applicable..

 

7. Reviewers Shall Refer Misconduct, Other Than Minor Misconduct, and Potential Criminal Conduct to the OPA

If it appears that misconduct may have been involved in a use- of-force, the supervisor shall ensure that the Office of Professional Accountability is contacted and consult the FIT commander regarding reclassification of the incident as a Type II or Type III investigation.

The supervisor will note the OPA referral on Use-of-Force Type II Supervisor’s Screening Report-Sgt. (form 24.10), Use-of-Force Type II Supervisor’s Screening Report-Lt. (form 24.11), or Use-of-Force Type II Supervisor’s Screening Report-Capt. (form 24.12), as applicable, but shall not take disciplinary action.

8. The UOFRB Will Not Make Final Determinations Regarding the Appropriateness of Any Use-of-Force That Has Been Referred to the OPA

Once the OPA case is finalized, the UOFRB shall complete its review of the force.  While the OPA case is pending, the UOFRB can continue to review issues regarding tactics, training or equipment.

9. Any Supervisor May Re-Classify a Use-of-Force Investigation to a Higher Level

If an investigation is re-classified, it will be returned to the appropriate investigator (supervisor or FIT) for necessary action.

The FIT Commander will determine whether a FIT Investigation will be conducted for any use-of-force incident.


A bureau chief may order a FIT response and investigation.

10. The Reviewing Lieutenant Will Make Determinations Regarding the Use-of- Force

The lieutenant will address the following elements, and document them on Use-of-Force Type II Supervisor’s Screening Report-Lt. (form 24.11):

  • Whether the Use-of-Force report is thorough and complete
  • Whether the force used was necessary and objectively reasonable
  • Whether the force used was consistent with Department policy
  • Whether previously identified concerns have been sufficiently addressed
  • Identification of any additional concerns and the action taken to address them

Exception: For review of force used by a lieutenant or above, the designated primary reviewer will be a supervisor of higher rank in the employee’s chain of command.

 

11. The Lieutenant Shall Complete Review and Forward Reports to the Precinct or Section Captain Within 72 Business Hours

If a report is delayed beyond this time limit, the reason for the delay will be documented on Use-of-Force Type II Supervisor’s Screening Report-Lt. (form 24.11).

12. The Precinct or Section Captain Will Review All Use-of-Force Investigations

The captain’s review will include the following aspects, documented on Use-of-Force Type II Supervisor’s Screening Report-Capt. (form 24.12):

  • Determination of whether the investigation and documentation are thorough and complete
  • Determination of whether the findings of the reviewing lieutenant are supported by a preponderance of evidence
  • Determination of whether previously identified concerns have been sufficiently addressed
  • Identification of any additional concerns and the action taken to address them

13. The Captain Shall Complete Review and Forward Type II and Type III Reports to the Criminal Investigations Bureau (CIB) Within 72 Hours

If a report is delayed beyond this time limit, the captain will document the reason for the delay on Use-of-Force Type II Supervisor’s Screening Report-Capt. (form 24.12).

After completing the review of a Type I Use-of-Force report, the captain will forward the report to the Data Unit, if there are not issues. If there are issues, the captain will send the report back to the officer, via the chain of command, to correct the issues.

14. The UOFRB Will Review All Type II and Type III Use-of-Force Reports

The function of the UOFRB is to conduct an administrative review of Use-of-Force incidents.

See 8.400-POL-2 Use-of-Force Review Board.

15. The Chair of the UOFRB Shall Forward Use-of-Force Reports to the Appropriate Bureau Chief(s) Within 72 Business Hours of the UOFRB Meeting

If the report is delayed beyond this time limit, the Chair will document the reason for the delay on Use-of-Force Type II Supervisor’s Screening Report-UOFRB (form 24.13).

16. The Bureau Chief Will Make Final Determinations on Use-of-Force Incidents

The Bureau Chief of the involved personnel will review the Use- of-Force report and make the following determinations and record them on Use-of-Force Type II Supervisor Review-Bureau Chief (form 24.14):

  • Whether the investigation and documentation are thorough and complete
  • Whether the findings of the reviewing lieutenant are supported by a preponderance of evidence
  • Whether previously identified concerns have been sufficiently addressed
  • Identification of any additional concerns and the action taken to address them

17. Only the Chief of the Seattle Police Department Has the Authority to Make Policy for the Department or Impose Discipline

No other Department employee has the authority to impose discipline or ratify the actions of any Department employee.

18. The Office of the Chief of Staff Shall Conduct a Documented Annual Analysis of All Reported Uses of Force by the Seattle Police Department


 

 

 

 

8.400-POL-2 Use-of-Force Review Board

 

This policy governs the Use-of-Force Review Board (UOFRB).

 

1. The UOFRB Will Review All Type II and Type III Use-of-Force Reports Except Those Involving Discharge of a Firearm

The UOFRB will conduct timely, comprehensive, and reliable reviews of all Type II and III uses of force, and will:

  • Confirm that Use-of-Force reporting, investigation and review are thorough and complete
  • Confirm that uniform standards are applied in Use-of- Force practices
  • Monitor all aspects of the Department’s Use-of-Force practices with the goal of continual improvement
  • Review each use-of-force packet to determine whether the findings from the chain of command regarding whether the force used is consistent with law and policy are supported by a preponderance of the evidence
  • Ensure that all uses of force contrary to law or policy are appropriately addressed
  • Identify trends or patterns of deficiencies regarding policy, training, equipment, or tactics
  • Refer deficiencies to the relevant commanding officer for correction

2. The Assistant Chief of the Investigations Bureau is the Standing Chair of the UOFRB

The Chair will have operational control of the UOFRB.

3. The Following Representatives Will Be Standing Members of the UOFRB

  • At least two supervisors from the Training Section
  • One representative from each precinct, selected by each precinct captain
  • A representative from the Audit, Policy & Research Section
  • A representative from the Investigations Bureau, selected by the Investigations Bureau Chief

4. Each Standing UOFRB Member is Required to Attend a Minimum of 8 Hours of Annual Training

Standing members must, at a minimum:


  • Attend Department Street Skills each year
  • Receive and maintain certification in Department Crisis Intervention Techniques

o    This involves:

  • 40 hour initial course
  • Additional refresher training as required by the Crisis Intervention Response Team

Additional training for UOFRB standing members will focus on Use-of-Force practices, including but not limited to:

  • Legal updates regarding Use-of-Force
  • Use-of-Force investigation
  • The Department curriculum utilized by the Training Section

5. The Chair May Include Ad-Hoc Members

Ad-hoc members include any subject matter experts, beyond Standing Members, whom the Chair feels would be helpful in reviewing particular incidents.

The UOFRB may consult with other advisors as necessary.

6. The UOFRB Will Review Use-of-Force Reports and Deliberate on Certain Topics

The topics of deliberation are as follows:

  • Whether the investigation is thorough and complete
  • Whether the reviewers’ determinations are supported by the preponderance of evidence
  • Whether, with the goal of continual improvement, there are considerations that need to be addressed regarding:

o    Equipment

o    Tactics

o    Training

o    Policy

o    Department best practices

7. The Chair Shall Make and Record All Determinations

The Chair will be responsible for the following determinations, and will document them on the Use-of-Force Review Board Findings form:

  • Whether the investigation is thorough and complete
  • Whether the reviewers’ determinations are supported by the preponderance of evidence
  • Whether, with the goal of continual improvement, there are considerations that need to be addressed regarding:

o    Equipment

o    Tactics

o    Training

o    Policy

o    Department best practices

8. UOFRB Chair Will Refer Misconduct to OPA

The Chair of the UOFRB will ensure a referral to OPA is made if it appears that misconduct may have been involved in a use-of- force.

The UOFRB will not make recommendations concerning discipline. The Bureau Commander of the officer involved with the use-of-force will have the final responsibility regarding retraining or recommending discipline to the Chief.

9. Type III Use-of-Force Investigations Will Be Presented to the UOFRB by the Commander of the Force Investigation Team

 

10. The UOFRB Will Document its Findings and Recommendations for Type III Investigations

 

11. UOFRB Reviews of Type III Investigations Will Be Conducted Within 7 Days

Unless an extension is granted by the Chair, the review should be conducted within seven days of the FIT presentation to the UOFRB.

12. The UOFRB Chair Will Refer Policy, Equipment, and Training Issues to the Appropriate Commanders

Should policy, equipment, or training deficiencies be noted in the review process, the UOFRB Chair will ensure that they are brought to the attention of the relevant commanding officer for appropriate action.