General Policy Information
Latest Revision Date: 5/15/2013
Title 1 - Department Structure and Function
Title 2 - Department Employment
Title 3 - Employee Welfare
Title 4 - Timekeeping
Title 5 - Employee Conduct
Title 6 - Arrests, Search and Seizure
Title 7 - Evidence and Property
Title 8 - Use of Force
Title 9 - Equipment and Uniforms
Title 10 - Police Facilities & Security
Title 11 - Detainee Management
Title 12 - Department Information Systems
Title 13 - Vehicle Operations
Title 14 - Emergency Operations
Title 15 - Primary Investigation
15.210 - Investigating Property Held by a Pawnshop or Used-Goods Store
Title 16 - Patrol Operations
Effective Date: 11/9/2007
I. Conditions Under Which a Citizen Arrest May be Made
A. For any crime committed or attempted in their presence,
B. For any felony actually committed when the citizen has probable cause to believe the person arrested committed the felony, or
C. For any breach of the peace committed in their presence. For purposes of this section, breach of the peace is defined as follows:
1. “The offense known as breach of the peace embraces a great variety of conduct, destroying or menacing public order and tranquility. It includes not only violent acts, but acts and words likely to produce violence in others. The term connotes conduct that creates consternation and alarm. It is an indecorum that incites public turbulence; yet violent conduct is not a necessary element...”
II. Discouraging Citizen Arrests
A. While citizens have the legal right to make arrests under certain circumstances, the Department does not encourage citizen arrests. Whenever possible, the taking of persons into custody should be accom¬plished by trained and authorized law enforcement officers.
III. When a Citizen Arrest is Made
A. Citizen Responsibilities
1. The citizen’s responsibility is to surrender the arrestee to an officer.
B. Officer Responsibilities
1. Review the circumstances surrounding the arrest.
2. The arrestee should be taken into custody only after the officer has determined that probable cause exists.
3. If probable cause exists and the arrestee is taken into custody, the case shall then be processed as would any other arrest with the General Offense Report indicating that the arrest was initiated by a citizen.