15.180 - Primary Investigations

Effective Date: 04/01/2015

15.180-POL

This policy applies to primary investigations. A primary investigation begins when police action is initiated, and is critical to the success of any subsequent investigative efforts. The scope of a primary investigation may be very restricted or may constitute the entire investigation of a crime.

1. Officers Shall Conduct a Thorough and Complete Search for Evidence

All sworn personnel are responsible for knowing how to collect the most common physical evidence that might be encountered on a primary investigation. This includes latent fingerprints.

Only evidence that is impractical to collect or submit to the Evidence Unit shall be retained by the owner.

See 7.010 – Submitting Evidence.

2. Sergeants Are Responsible for the Proper Utilization of Evidence Technicians

Circumstances when sergeants might call an evidence technician include:

      • A section of wallboard with a handprint needs to be removed
      • A section of carpet with a bloodstained footprint needs to be removed
      • A toolmark impression needs to be lifted from a surface that can not be removed
      • Photographs of a scene need to be taken
    • The extent of processing required is significantly more than a single officer can handle effectively

Evidence technicians may be utilized on an initial response, pending the deployment of a follow-up unit, to assist in identifying and locating evidence, and to assist in collecting evidence that might be destroyed or lost before the follow-up unit arrives.

Officers maintain primary responsibility for their assigned calls, regardless of the presence of an evidence technician.

3. Officers Shall Take Statements in Certain Circumstances

    • Officers shall take victim statements in all domestic violence investigations.
      • Witness statements are mandatory in all domestic violence felony investigations.
    • Officers shall take statements from victims, witnesses and complainants in all juvenile arrest investigations.
    • Officers shall take statements from victims, witnesses and complainants in all felony arrest investigations.
    • Officers are encouraged to take statements in other investigations, as they deem necessary.
      • It is particularly important to get statements from victims and witnesses who do not have a local, permanent address.

Officers shall document incidents of people refusing to give statements in the General Offense Report.

a. Officers Shall Not Take Statements From Sexual Assault Victims

See 15.370 – Sexual Assault Investigations.

4. Officers May Use Canvass Cards at Major Incident Scenes

Officers may use Canvass Cards (form 16.9) to collect witness information at the scene of a major incident. Canvass Cards shall be submitted to the unit that is investigating the incident.

5. Officers Shall Document all Primary Investigations on a General Offense Report

If a General Offense Number already exists and there are no new charges, officers shall use the existing number. If there are new charges, officers shall obtain a new number.

Officers shall indicate on the MRE-General Offense section whether the primary offense is a felony or a misdemeanor by entering an “F” or “M” in the appropriate field. If the primary offense is non-criminal, officers shall leave that field blank.

All reports must be complete, thorough and accurate.

Officers shall document whether victims of non-custody incidents want to pursue charges, as feasible.

See 15.020 – Charge-By-Officer.

6. Officers Shall Document Permanent Addresses and Telephone Numbers for Suspects, Complainants, Victims and Witnesses in the Entities Section of the Report

If a person is temporarily staying at a local address, officers shall list the temporary address in the narrative.

If a person provides more than one address, officers shall list the additional address(es) in the narrative.

Officers shall identify military personnel by their unit number and the name of their ship, station or installation.

If a person does not have an address, officers shall state in the narrative that the person is transient.

  • A last-known address is required for a case to be submitted for prosecution.

7. Officers Shall Not Book Suspects on Both Misdemeanor and Felony Charges

See 11.040 – Booking Adult Detainees into a Detention Facility.

8. For any In-Custody Case, Officers Shall State the Crime(s) for Which the Suspect is Being Booked in the General Offense Narrative Template

Officers shall include the SMC or RCW violation code(s).

When booking a suspect for one or more felonies, officers shall use the terminology “Investigation of ______.”

9. Involved Officers Shall Complete Statements for Felony Arrests

10. All Primary Investigations Require a MIR and Disposition

11. Officers Shall Document Information Obtained After the General Offense Report has Been Submitted in a Supplemental Report Under the Original Case Number

12. All Officers Involved in an Investigation Shall Cooperate in any Subsequent Prosecutions or Official Inquiries Where Their Testimony May Be Needed