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Glossary of IT Terms

Information Security

Glossary A


This glossary contains industry standard and City specific IT terminology. The glossary should be consulted when policy, issue papers, etc. are drafted to ensure consistent use of terms across the City.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Native Format
Netwar
Network
Network Administrator
News Group
Non Disclosure Agreement - NDA
Non-Repudiation


Native Format
The native format refers to the default format of a data file created by its associated software program. For example, Microsoft ExcelŽ produces its output as '.xls' files by default; this is the native format of Excel. Microsoft WordŽ produces native files with a '.doc' extension. Whilst many programs are capable of supporting other formats, they each have their native format.


Netwar
Alternative term for Infowar.


Network
A configuration of communications equipment and communication links by network cabling or satellite, which enables computers and their terminals to be geographically separated, while still connected to each other.


Network Administrator
Individual(s) responsible for the availability of the Network is available, and controlling its use. For smaller installations, this function is often combined with that of System Administrator.


News Group
News Group. Part of Usenet. Although termed 'News Groups', most of them are anything but this. They exist, theoretically for groups of like-minded users to ask questions and swap information etc. Currently there are approximately 60,000 News Groups covering virtually any subject imaginable, with titles ranging from '3b.config' to 'zz.unity.netlink'. Regrettably, most News Groups have their share of contributors whose sole mission appears to be to hurl abuse and 'flame' others' points of view, and some are definitely '18' rated. Caution is advised.


Non Disclosure Agreement - NDA
A Non Disclosure Agreement (NDA) is a legally binding document which protects the confidentiality of ideas, designs, plans, concepts or other commercial material. Most often, NDA's are signed by vendors, contractors, consultants and other non-employees who may come into contact with such material.


Non-Repudiation