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Glossary of IT Terms

Information Security

Glossary A


This glossary contains industry standard and City specific IT terminology. The glossary should be consulted when policy, issue papers, etc. are drafted to ensure consistent use of terms across the City.
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Java / Java Script


Java / Java Script
Java is an applications programming language which was developed by SUN Microsystems in 1995. Similar in look and feel to C++, Java was designed for the distributed environment of the Internet. It is based upon object orientation, and the resultant code is portable; which means that Java applications can run on many operating systems, not just the system which compiled it.

Java Script is an interpreted scripting language; similar in capability to Microsoft's Visual Basic or SUN Microsystems' Perl scripting language. Java script is interpreted, not compiled, and therefore slower to execute than compiled code; but it is easier to maintain and fast enough for small applications.