On January 17, 2016, Council Bill 118523 took effect amending the Land Use Code to remove barriers to low impact development and help make it the standard approach to stormwater management in Seattle. We also updated the City’s Landscape Director’s Rule, DDR 30-2015 (formerly DR 10-2011) which helps interpret landscape requirements for new development. Our proposed updates align the rule with the City’s new Stormwater Code, and further encourage use of Low Impact Development (LID) stormwater management techniques. The LID legislation, and Director’s Report, which summarizes the proposed code changes, are located on the Project Documents page.
LID is a stormwater management strategy that mimics natural processes to reduce the amount of rainwater that runs off a site. LID strategies include bioretention (a process that removes contaminants from stormwater), reducing impervious surfaces, or clustering buildings together to reduce site disturbance. Our rule and code updates meet requirements of our municipal stormwater permit from the Washington State Department of Ecology. We are reviewing all land development rules to remove any barriers to low impact development and make sure they encourage LID where appropriate.
In undeveloped areas, most precipitation soaks into the ground, evaporates, and/or is absorbed by plants, and very little rainfall becomes surface runoff. The natural water cycle relies on plants and infiltration to manage stormwater, replenish groundwater, and maintain water levels in streams and rivers. Developed areas with pavement and rooftops have much more runoff, less infiltration, higher risk of flooding and water quality issues, and greater fluctuation in stream and lake levels.
The Land Use Code changes that took effect of January 17, 2016, and the updates to the Landscape Director's Rule, make it easier to achieve low impact development. We will also encourage LID techniques as part of standard development projects. By treating stormwater close to its source, we can:
The updated regulations and Director’s Rule help the City comply with our municipal stormwater/MS4 permit requirements and support the City’s goals for on-site management of stormwater. .