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Rental Agreements

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  • Icon of person getting apartment keys.

What Is It?

There are three main types of rental agreements or leases:

  • Month-to-month:
    • The renter may end their rental agreement with a minimum 20 day written notice prior to the end of the month. The property owner may end the rental agreement only if they have a just cause reason. (See RCW 59.18.200 and Seattle Municipal Code (SMC) 22.206.160.C for more detail.)
    • The landlord may change the terms and conditions of the rental agreement with 30 days advance written notice to coincide with a monthly rental period.
    • The landlord may increase housing costs with 30 days advance written notice for increases less than 10 percent and 60 days advance written notice for increases 10 percent or more.
  • Fixed term lease:
    • A terminating lease for a fixed term ends at a certain date and the renter may not have an option to stay. Pay close attention to the language in the lease.
    • A fixed term lease can also automatically convert to a month-to-month lease when the term ends, which means the renter has a right to stay. The lease will state it if this is the case.
    • The terms and conditions of the rental agreement as well as housing costs cannot be altered for the duration of the fixed term unless by mutual agreement.
  • Verbal agreement:
    • Rental agreements do not have to be written. In the absence of a written rental agreement, the City assumes the rental term to be month-to-month. It is not advisable to rent without a written rental agreement.
    • The landlord cannot collect a security deposit, move-in fees, late rent fees, etc. without a written agreement.

Rules to Follow

All Written Rental Agreements
Landlords cannot collect security deposits and non-refundable move-in fees unless they are written into a rental agreement that:

  • Describes the terms and conditions under which the property owner may keep the security deposit
  • Includes a written checklist describing the condition and cleanliness of or existing damages to the rental unit
  • Describes the terms and conditions of the payment schedule for the security deposit and non-refundable move-in fees

Month-to-Month Leases
Rental agreements written after September 29, 1993 that create a month-to-month lease cannot:

  • Require a tenant to live in a rental unit for a minimum term of more than one month or period
  • Impose penalties if a renter legally ends the lease
  • Require loss of all or any part of a deposit if the renter legally ends the lease

Term Lease
Victims of domestic violence and members of the armed forces that are reassigned or deployed to another location have special protections under the law that allow them to exit their rental agreement with no penalty under certain conditions. See RCW 59.18 575 and RCW 59.18.220.

Information for Tenants
At the beginning of each rental agreement and with each renewal, the landlord must provide a copy of Information for Tenants to the renter. Information for Tenants now includes voter registration information. Tenants can use the form in the document, or they can use the following links:

Read the Code

 

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