Wetlands Palette

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This palette is designed to maintain or re-introduce a native vegetation character to areas of the trail considered to be wet sites. The goal is to eliminate invasive species from these wet areas. Emphasis is on providing overstory and a dense, aggressive native shrub layer to compete with invasive species and buffer runoff. Project M7N1 in Management Unit 5 calls for the development of a Wetland Demonstration Project for which this plant palette is directly applicable. All trees/plants listed perform very well on wet sites.

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RECOMMENDED TREES FOR WET SITES
Botanical Name Wet Sm Med Lge Decid Conif Br Ev Common Name
Acer circinatum  

X

   

X

    Vine Maple
Acer rubrum    

X

 

X

    Red Maple
Alnus rubra

X

   

X

X

    Red Alder
Betula papyrifera      

X

X

    Paper birch
Fraxinus latifolia

X

   

X

X

    Oregon Ash
Nyssa sylvatica    

X

 

X

    Sour Gum
Populus tremuloides

X

X

   

X

    Quaking Aspen
Salix lasiandra

X

 

X

 

X

    Pacific Willow
Salix scouleriana

X

X

   

X

    Scouler’s Willow
Salix sitchensis

X

X

   

X

    Sitka Willow
Salix hookeriana ‘Clatsop  

X

   

X

    Hooker’s Willow
Taxus brevifolia  

X

     

X

  Western Yew
Thuja plicata

X

   

X

 

X

  Western Red Cedar
 
RECOMMENDED UNDERSTORY PLANTS FOR WET SITES
Botanical Name Wet Low Med Tall Decid Conif Br Ev Common Name
Athyrium filix-femina   X         X Lady fern
Blechnum spicant   X         X Deer fern
Carex obnupta X X         X Slough Sedge
Cornus canadensis   X         X Bunchberry
Cornus stolonifera       X   X   Red-osier dogwood
Ledum groenlandica X X         X Labrador Tea
Lystichicum americanum X X       X   Skunk cabbage
Myrica gale     X     X   Sweet Gale
Oemlaria cerasiformis       X   X   Indian Plum
Oplopanax horridus X   X     X   Devil’s Club
Physocarpus capitatus       X   X   Ninebark
Ribes bracteosum   X       X   Stink currant
Rubus spectabilis X   X     X   Salmonberry
Sambucus racemosa       X   X   Red Elderberry
Spirea douglasii X   X     X   Hardhack
Tolmiea menziesii   X       X   Piggyback Plant
Viburnum edule     X     X   Highbush Cranberry

Sm Mature height <30’ Low <3’ tall Decid Deciduous
Med Mature height 30’-50’ Med 3’-6’ tall Conif Conifer Evergreen
Lge Mature height >50’ Tall >6’ tall Br Ev Broadleaf Evergreen
Wet Wetland Restoration        
   


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