Native Palette

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This palette is the primary palette for the trail landscape. It is to be used where native character is to be enhanced or reintroduced. The goal for this palette is to establish and maintain a diverse, multi-layered canopy, consisting of mature trees, regenerating saplings, tall shrubs, low shrubs and herbaceous material. Where no overstory currently exists, the focus of restoration should be primarily on establishing new canopy.

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RECOMMENDED TREES FOR NATIVE PLANTINGS
Botanical Name Hab Sm Med Lge Decid Conif Br Ev Common Name
Acer circinatum   X     X     Vine Maple
Acer macrophyllum       X X     Big-leaf Maple
Alnus rubra X     X X     Red Alder
Arbutus menziesii     X       X Pacific Madrone
Betula papyrifera X     X X     Paper Birch
Chamaecyparis nootkatensis X     X   X   Yellow Cedar
Crataegus douglasii   X     X     Black Hawthorn
Fraxinus latifolia X     X X     Oregon Ash
Malus fusca   X     X     Pacific Crab-apple
Myrica californica   X         X Pacific Wax Myrtle
Pinus contorta var. contorta   X X     X   Shore pine
Pinus contorta var. latifolia     X     X   Lodgepole Pine
Pinus monticola     X     X   Western White Pine
Populus tremuloides X X     X     Quaking Aspen
Pseudotsuga menziesii X     X   X   Douglas Fir
Quercus garryana X     X   X   Garry Oak
Rhamnus purshiana   X     X     Cascara
Taxus brevifolia   X       X   Western Yew
Thuja plicata X     X   X   Western Red Cedar
Tsuga heterophylla X     X   X   Western hemlock
 
RECOMMENDED UNDERSTORY PLANTS FOR NATIVE PLANTINGS
Botanical Name Low Med Tall Decid Conif Br Ev Common Name
Amelanchier alnifolia     X X     Serviceberry
Arctostaphyllos columbiana     X     X Hairy Manzanita
Arctostaphyllos uva-ursi             Kinnikinnik
Asarum caudatum X         X Wild Ginger
Athyrium filix-femina X         X Lady Fern
Blechnum spicant X         X Deer Fern
Ceanothus velutinus     X     X Buckbrush
Cornus canadensis X         X Bunchberry
Cornus stolonifera     X X     Red-osier Dogwood
Corylus cornuta var. californica     X X     Hazel
Gaultheria shallon   X       X Salal
Holodiscus discolor     X X     Oceanspray
Juniperus communis X X     X   Juniper
Lonicera involucrata   X X X     Black Twinberry
Mahonia aquifolium   X       X Tall Oregon-grape
Mahonia nervosa X         X Dull Oregon-grape
Maianthemum dilitatum X     X     False Lilly-of-the-Valley
Myrica gale   X       X Sweet Gale
Oemlaria cerasiformis     X X     Indian Plum
Oplopanax horridus   X   X     Devil’s Club
Pachistima myrisnites   X       X Oregon Box
Philadelphus lewisii     X X     Mock Orange
Physocarpus capitatus     X X     Ninebark
Polystichum munitum X         X Sword Fern
Rhododendron macrophyllum   X       X Pacific Rhododedron
Ribes sanguineum   X   X     Red Currant
Rosa gymnocarpa   X   X     Bald-hip Rose
Rosa nutkana   X   X     Nootka Rose
Rubus leucodermis X     X     Blackcap
Rubus parviflorus   X   X     Thimbleberry
Rubus spectabilis   X   X     Salmonberry
Sambucus racemosa     X X     Red Elderberry
Smilacena racemosa X     X     False Solomon Seal
Spirea douglasii   X   X     Hardhack
Stachys cooleyi X     X     Hedge nettle
Symphoricarpos albus X     X     Snowberry
Tolmiea menziesii X     X     Piggyback Plant
Vaccinium ovatum   X       X Evergreen Huckleberry
Vaccinium parvifolium   X   X     Red Huckleberry
Viburnum edule   X     X   Highbush Cranberry

Sm Mature height <30’ Low <3’ tall Decid Deciduous
Med Mature height 30’-50’ Med 3’-6’ tall Conif Conifer Evergreen
Lge Mature height >50’ Tall >6’ tall Br Ev Broadleaf Evergreen
Hab Wildlife Habitat canopy        

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