|Search Collections||Exhibits and Education||Seattle Facts||About the Archives|
Guide to the Archives of the City of Seattle
Record Group 4600
The Legislative Department is comprised of the City Council, Office of the City Clerk, and Central Staff (policy analysts and budget support). The City Council is responsible for setting City-wide policy through the adoption of ordinances and resolutions, overseeing the Executive's implementation of policies and programs, and passing the City budget. The first City Charter, in 1869, established a seven-member Common Council. In 1890, the new City Charter created a bicameral legislative branch with a nine-member Board of Aldermen and 16-member House of Delegates. The 1896 Charter returned to a single body of 13 members elected from 11 wards and two at-large. As the number of wards increased, the number of Council members grew to 18 in 1907. A City Charter Amendment in 1910 reduced the number to nine, all elected at large, and made elections non-partisan. In 1946 Councilmember terms were increased from two years to four years. The Office of the City Clerk and the Office of the City Auditor became part of the Legislative Department in 1993. In 1999 the Office of the City Auditor became an independent department.
Correspondence, memoranda, reports, studies, and staff reports related to issues that come before the City Council for consideration. Also includes copies of City Council work programs and policy planning agendas. A large portion of the material relates to regional planning issues, especially water, electrical power, transportation, and governance.
Minutes of City Council when it sits as a committee. Committee of the Whole meets to discuss issues that cross the jurisdiction of two or more Council committees or when issues are considered of such importance that the full Council deems it appropriate to meet as a committee. From 1980 to 1999 Committee of the Whole minutes were included with the regular meeting minutes.
Weekly listing of all City Council meetings, regular and special committee meetings, public hearings, and the schedule for Channel 28, the City-owned government access cable television station. Formerly known of the Hearings Calendar; the records are now called "Two Week Look Ahead."
Formal photographs (16x20) of full City Council for the years 1974, 1978, and 1986.
Agendas for the weekly meetings of the City Council. The Agendas include legislation titles and Committee recommendations regarding passage of items. For some years there are lists of legislation passed at each meeting.
Lists of proposed legislation and Clerk Files introduced to City Council and subsequently referred to committees. Includes Council Bill and Clerk File numbers, title of document, name of sponsoring Councilmember, and committee to which document was referred.
Agendas, correspondence, staff reports, notes, and other materials related to the City Council's weekly briefings meetings. The meetings provide Council members the opportunity to apprise one another of issues that will be coming to the Council and to receive briefings from other City staff on programs, projects, and issues of concern for the Council. The meetings were formerly known as the City Council Business Meetings.
News releases issued by the City Council and its various committees covering the full range of issues that come before the Council.
The agendas document the date, time, and topics for meetings of City Council regular and special committees. Committees are organized around core City functions. They hear briefings from City department representatives and consider legislation to be forwarded to the full City Council for vote. Each agenda includes the name of the committee, a list of committee members, staff to the committee, contact information for the committee chair, a brief statement of each agenda item, recommended action the items, and date and time of the meeting. Some agendas include a citation to the audio tape number on which the meeting is recorded; some agendas also have a notation of committee votes on proposed legislation. The agendas can aid in accessing committee records and serve as proof of meeting dates. Full text of agendas from 2002 to the present are available online. Beginning in 2012, paper copies of agendas include space for annotations for meeting length, members present, and vote details.
Collection includes: Legislative Department offices, councilmember portraits, council chambers, City Hall, mayors, events, and celebrations. Council-members are pictured at events such as the Sounding the Alarm rally at City Hall, City Hall grand opening, 2004 City Council inauguration, visits to Sister Cities, press conferences, parades, farmer’s markets, bridge and lock inspections, Skagit River tours, and homeless shelters. Other photos depict councilmembers with Boys and Girls Club members, receiving visiting dignitaries, and delivering speeches. Other departments and agencies depicted include the Department of Neighborhoods, Department of Parks and Recreation, and Sound Transit.
Background materials for City Council members for issues discussed at Committee of the Whole meetings. Includes summary of issues, proposals, draft legislation, calendar of meetings, and table of contents.
Publications produced by the department, including informational brochures about City Council, employee newsletters, materials sent out by individual Councilmembers, and publications of the Office of the City Clerk, including the City Records Management Program and the Seattle Municipal Archives.
Studies, reports, position papers, correspondence, surveys, policies, and draft legislation relating to issues before City Council. This is a central reference and research file used by councilmembers, legislative analysts, and policy analysts in preparation for hearings, meetings, and policy and issue discussions. Broad categories correspond to City Council committee issue areas including city-wide data processing, energy, environmental policy, finance, governmental operations, health, housing, intergovernmental relations, land use, public safety and justice, transportation, and utilities.
Audio tapes of City Council committee and full council meetings, and public hearings before Council. Consists primarily of 8-inch and 12-inch reel-to-reel tapes, but also includes 184 cassettes. Tapes are divided into three sub-series: 1) full Council and Council Committee meetings (reel-to-reel), 2) miscellaneous tapes, primarily of various public hearings (reel-to-reel), and 3) cassettes of meetings and hearings, including the Energy 1990 hearings.
Log maintained by City Council for claims against the City. Includes date, person or corporate entity filing claim, claim number, and nature of the claim. In some instances entry also includes notation of whether claim was allowed, Council Bill number of legislation authorizing payment, fund claim drawn on, and amount to be paid.
Record of license applications considered by City Council, organized by date introduced to the Council. Includes license number, business license number, business name, address, whether new or a renewal, and the Council action taken.
Correspondence, memoranda, surveys, reports, studies, and hearings materials generated by City Council's central staff analysts in support of the Council's legislative activities. Primary subjects relate to the major functions and issues of City government including land use, public utilities management, housing, human services, public safety, traffic and transportation, comprehensive planning, parks and recreation, arts and cultural affairs, economic development, environment and sustainability, and general government administration.
Reports, correspondence, and staff notes regarding the policy planning process. A 1977 Resolution established a collaborative process by which the Mayor and City Council would develop agreed upon policies. The Agendas were devised as two-year documents that were updated annually. The process created a policy catalog and index to policies to be accessible to the public and City officials.
The Work Program is a document that contains a listing of significant issues and projects that the City Council expects to review or act upon during a given year. Also included are issues or projects that require significant monitoring by the Council. The purpose of the Work Program is to identify and balance the workload of the Council, its staff, and the Legislative Department Central Staff analysts. Work Programs are organized by Council committee structure and include work item and the date by quarter of the year that the item is due to the Council. In 1993, a notation related to primary staffing--whether the committee chair's staff or the central staff was the lead--was added to the Programs. In 1999, the number of work days estimated for Central Staff involvement in work items was added, and in 2004 the names of the Central Staff members assigned to a work item were added. Arranged chronologically.
Reports of suggested changes by the City Council to departmental proposed budgets during annual budget deliberations. For most years, this series includes summaries of votes by Councilmembers. Also includes reports of estimated city revenues.
Correspondence, working papers, testimony, petitions, reports, and recommendations relating to zoning and mapping of neighborhood commercial areas. Includes four boxes of code, policy, mapping, and publicity files and seven boxes of individual zoning cases arranged by region of the City. Case files include pre-project zoning designation, Mayor's recommendation, Council committee recommendation, and final Council decision.
Correspondence, working papers, testimony, petitions, reports, recommendations, and draft legislation relating to a new industrial commercial areas zoning code.
Correspondence, memoranda, reports, and recommendations regarding the major institutions policy in the Seattle land use code. A major institution is a public or private organization providing educational, religious, medical, or recreational services to a community, and that dominates an area based on the amount of land owned and number of staff, clients, or visitors, and traffic impacts.
The legislative auditing function was added to City Council's Central Staff responsibilities in June 1971 following a Personnel Department study recommending that some system for analyzing City programs be established. The City Council created five full-time positions dedicated to conducting audits. The purpose of the audit function was to provide the Council with objective and independent analysis of City programs, allowing Council a means to monitor programs, finances, and policies.
The staff conducted three types of audits: 1) financial and compliance audits, 2) economy and efficiency audits, and 3) program results and evaluations. Final reports were submitted to the City Council. The Central Staff audit function ended in 1986.
The Office of the Comptroller included an audit division that focused primarily on financial audits (see series 1800-13) from the 1960s until 1993, when the City Auditor function was moved to the Legislative Department and the focus was changed from financial to program audits. In 1999, an independent Office of the City Auditor was created. The records for these auditors are not part of this series.
The Legislative Audits and Special Project Reports series is divided into two subseries consisting of 1) administrative records and 2) project records.
Administrative records include procedure manuals and audit handbook materials, a file of legislative audit background and history records, and a list of audits and reports. The compiled list does not include all audits and special project reports found among the project records and not all audits listed are represented in the series.
The project records include correspondence, legal opinions, handwritten notes, survey/audit work plans and scope and objective documents, draft and final audits, report attachments, and responses to final products. The records do not include raw data files. Project files do not necessarily include all of the record types cited. For example, the License and Consumer Affairs audit file includes only a cover letter with brief recommendations of the auditor.
Final copies of the audits may not be included in the files. Some final reports can be found in Record Series 1802-D6 and in the Published Documents Collection.
Meeting agendas, correspondence, reports, and power point presentations related to the massive wind and rain storm of December 14, 2006. This special committee was composed of the members of the City Council's Environment, Emergency Management and Utilities Committee (EEMU) and the Energy and Technology Committee (ETC). Among the reports included in the records are: December 14, 2006 Windstorm After-Action Report compiled by the Seattle Office of Emergency Management; the consultant's report, Seattle City Light: December 2006 Wind Storm Report; and December 2006 Windstorm Response After Action Report: A Statewide Report to the Governor by the Washington State Military Department. The records are arranged chronologically by meeting date.
These are the records of the Citizen Advisory Panel established through City Council Resolution 30509 for the purpose of evaluating options for electing City Councilmembers. The panel was tasked with considering the pros and cons of an array of electoral models and providing a report of their findings to Council. The Panel met seven times between March 2003 and July 2003. Experts presented information on particular topics, for example one about the history of Seattle's elections or one about proportional representation. Two public hearings were held in June 2003. The collection contains minutes, notes, and presentation materials (including some maps and charts) from the meetings, information about the Committee members, materials from the public hearings, the Final Report of the Committee as well as drafts.
Sally Bagshaw was elected to City Council for the term beginning January 2010. She chaired the Parks and Seattle Center Committee from 2010 to 2011, and began chairing the Parks and Neighborhoods Committee in 2012.
Correspondence, memoranda, draft legislation, staff reports, and other records from Bagshaw's tenure as committee chair. Issues addressed include the Museum of History & Industry and McCurdy Park, Roosevelt planning, and surveillance cameras in Cal Anderson Park.
Benson was elected to City Council in 1974 and served five terms until his retirement in 1994. During the final two years of his tenure he was Council President. He was particularly active in the reestablishment of electric trolleys in Seattle and development of the Waterfront Trolley. He chaired four committees during his incumbency, including Transportation (1974-1977, 1982-1987, and 1990-1991), Recreation and Community Services (1978-1981), Environmental Management (1988-1989), and Labor (1992-1993).
Correspondence, memoranda, reports, and reference materials relating to Benson and topics of particular interest to him. Major subjects include parks and recreation, traffic and transportation, and the Westlake Mall Project, the Downtown Seattle Transit Project, the University District Transportation Program, the Waterfront Streetcar, gun control, land use, and solid waste disposal.
Committee meeting records maintained by Benson during his tenure as committee chair. Includes committee calendars with roster of issues and action taken, staff memoranda, correspondence, reports, and draft legislation relating to parks and recreation, and community oriented social services.
Committee calendars including issues under consideration and committee action. Files contain correspondence, personal notes, staff memoranda, testimony, and draft legislation. Records relate to all transportation and traffic issues affecting Seattle and requiring City Council attention.
Correspondence, reports, studies, committee minutes, news releases, and notes relating to City transportation and traffic issues. The bulk of the records concern reestablishing the electric trolley system and developing the Waterfront Streetcar.
Agendas, correspondence, draft legislation, staff reports, and notes regarding environmental issues and policies before the committee.
Tim Burgess was elected to City Council in 2008. He chaired the Public Safety, Human Services, and Education Committee from 2008 to 2011, and in 2012 began chairing the Government Performance and Finance Committee.
Correspondence, memoranda, draft legislation, staff reports, and other committee records from Burgess's tenure as committee chair. Issues addressed include indigent public defense, youth violence, the siting of Fire Station 20, police accountability, jail services, prostitution, and the Families and Education Levy. From 2010 through 2011, the body was named the Public Safety and Education Committee.
Sally Clark was appointed to City Council in 2006 to fill the vacancy created by Jim Compton's resignation. She was subsequently elected to the position at the next special election. She has chaired the Economic Development and Neighborhood Committee, the Land Use, Planning, and Neighborhoods Committee, and the Economic Resiliency and Regional Relations Committee. Clark is also a member of the Council's Labor Policy Committee and the King County Board of Health, the Puget Sound Regional Council Growth Management Board, Enterprise Seattle, and the Regional Transit Committee.
Correspondence, memoranda, draft legislation, staff reports, development proposals, public hearing documents, and neighborhood profiles produced during Clark's tenure as committee chair. Includes substantial information and legislation about nightclubs in residential neighborhoods, as well as project funding proposals, loan legislation, and development reports for building an educated workforce, including a national fund for workforce solutions. Also includes drafts for new sections to the City Ethics Code, farmer's markets and neighborhood reports, and council appointment documentation.
Agendas, draft legislation, staff reports, correspondence, notes, and other background materials related to Clark's tenure as committee chair. Includes issues such as multifamily code, Pike-Pine overlay, rental housing conditions, neighborhood planning advisory committee, backyard cottages, derelict housing, Seattle comprehensive plan and Qwest Field north lot.
Agendas, draft legislation, staff reports, correspondence, notes, and other background materials related to Clark's tenure as committee chair. Includes issues such as multifamily code, the major institution master plan for Children's Hospital, Pike-Pine overlay, historic preservation, and appointments for preservation boards and Design Review Board.
Agendas, presentations, draft legislation, and other records of the committee. Includes documents related to job trends and job growth, community development, landmark preservation, diversity, business permits, pedestrian areas, and farmers markets.
Agendas, correspondence, presentations, studies, and petitions relating to taxis and other for-hire vehicles. Topics covered include a history of for-hire transportation in Seattle, transportation studies, wheelchair-accessible taxis, and taxi safety.
Martha Choe was elected to City Council for the term beginning January 1, 1992, and served to 1999. In September, 1999, a few months before the end of her second term, Choe accepted appointment as director of the Washington State Department of Community, Trade and Economic Development. During her tenure on the Council, she chaired the Transportation and Economic Development Committee (1992-1995) and the Finance and Budget Committee (1996-1999). She was the first Korean-American to serve on the Council. Choe graduated from Seattle's Roosevelt High School, earned her undergraduate degree from the University of Washington and her MBA degree from Seattle University. Prior to being elected to City Council, she was vice-president for commercial lending, credit administration, and private banking for the Bank of California.
Correspondence, memoranda, reports, studies, and recommendations relating to transportation planning, open space, regional transit, City budget and finance issues, and general urban planning issues. Specific issues include the Central Waterfront Project, University of Washington Southwest Campus Plan, Seattle Commons, civic center planning, and South Lake Union Plan. The records also reflect Choe's involvement in the Korean-American Political Conference and the Asian Youth-at-Risk Committee.
Agendas, draft legislation, staff reports, correspondence, notes, and other background materials related to financial management and related issues before the Committee.
Cheryl Chow was elected to City Council for the term beginning January 1, 1990. She unseated long time incumbent City Councilmember Jeanette Williams. During her first term, Chow chaired the Parks and Public Grounds Committee (1990-1993). During her second term, she chaired the Health, Housing, Human Services, Education and Libraries Committee (1994-1997). In 1997, Chow chose not to run for reelection. She ran again for City Council in 1999, but was defeated by Judy Nicastro. Chow is a native of Seattle, the daughter of Ruby Chow, a former King County Councilmember. Prior to her tenure on City Council, Chow was a teacher, principal, and administrator for the Seattle School District. Following her second term on the Council, she served as interim principal at Franklin High School and then at Garfield High School.
Correspondence, reports, studies, and reference materials relating primarily to parks and recreation issues. Major subjects include the Parks Complan, Greenlake, open space, Seattle Center redevelopment, Coliseum/Arena improvements, Seattle Commons, off-leash dog runs, punchboard and pulltab gambling, the Shoreline and Park Improvement Fund, and Sandpoint Naval Station reuse planning.
Agendas, correspondence, staff reports, and draft legislation related to the City's parks system and publicly owned lands.
Correspondence, memoranda, agendas, and staff reports related to social service, education, and library issues. From 1994 to 1996 the committee was titled Health, Human Services, Education and Libraries; from 1996 to 1997 it was Health, Housing, Human Services, Education and Libraries.
Agendas, staff reports, briefing materials, draft legislation, and work plans for ad hoc committee established to develop a plan for addressing health and safety issues within the context of the 1994 Comprehensive Plan.
Charlie Chong was elected to City Council in 1996 to fill the vacancy left by Tom Weeks' resignation. Chong served for one year, choosing to run for mayor in 1997, an election he subsequently lost to Paul Schell. While on City Council, Chong chaired the Personnel, Organization and Performance Committee. He received his college education at Georgetown University and served in the Air Force before becoming executive vice-president of a small canning company in Minnesota from 1958-1963. For the next 20 years, Chong was an anti-poverty program employee for the Federal government. Prior to running for City Council, he was retired, but was an outspoken community activitst. Chong also ran for City Council in 1999 and for mayor in 2001, but lost in both elections.
Correspondence, memoranda, reports, notes, and newspaper clippings related to issues before the City Council during Chong's tenure. Subjects include Sand Point reuse, the Seahawks Stadium and vote, Comprehensive Plan, off-leash areas, City-wide personnel issues, schools, and various City department policy and reorganization issues.
Agendas, work plans, correspondence, staff reports, and other materials related to personnel and performance issues brought before the committee.
Jim Compton was elected to the City Council in 1999 to fill the seat of outgoing Councilwoman Martha Choe. She resigned October 1, 1999 and Compton took office early on November 12, 1999. He resigned mid-way through his second term to take a teaching position in Cairo, Egypt, and to conduct research in emerging democratic movement in Romania. During his first term, Compton chaired the Council's Public Safety and Technology Committee. At his resignation in December of 2005, he was chair of the Utilities and Technology Committee. In addition, Compton chaired the World Trade Organization Accountability Review Committee, whose primary function was to create a factual record, composed of documents and interview data, that would serve as a baseline for community understanding of the events of the WTO meeting in Seattle in 1999.
As chair of the Public Safety Committee, Compton presided over debates on police discipline, racial profiling and treatment of protesters. And as chair of the Energy and Environmental Policy Committee, he clashed with Mayor Greg Nickels and some other Council members, leading the charge to block the reconfirmation of Gary Zarker, the City Light superintendent.
Compton faced scrutiny from the Seattle Ethics and Elections Commission (SEEC) on two separate occasions. He was one of three Council members who received campaign donations tied to strip-club owner Frank Colacurcio Jr. before a vote on a rezone beneficial to the club. All three returned the money. He also agreed to a $3,000 settlement with the SEEC after admitted that he had accepted a plane ride on a jet owned by Paul Allen and tickets to a Portland Trail Blazers game. At the time, Allen's South Lake Union development was before the Council for consideration.
Prior to his Council election, Compton was best known for his 35-year career in journalism. His career involved, among other posts, working as NBC News correspondent out of Cairo and London (1977-1984), reporter and editor at Seattle's NBC affiliate KING-TV (1985-1999), and as a correspondent for The News Hour with Jim Lehrer. He was best known locally for his ten years producing The Compton Report, a top-rated weekly news program at KING-TV. The Compton Report won most of the broadcast industry's major awards, including the Columbia-Dupont Prize, the Gabriel Award, The Janus Award, and the Golden Globe of the San Francisco Film Festival.
Compton received his bachelor's degree in history at Reed College in Portland, Oregon, in 1964 and his master's degree at the Columbia University School of Journalism in 1969. He was awarded a Fulbright Scholarship in 1969-1970 for consulting with and studying the television system of Romania.
Correspondence, memoranda, reports, notes, Council Briefings, and press clippings relating especially to public safety. Major subjects include technology, energy, environment, police, fire, public safety, transportation, libraries, housing, economic development, health, equal rights, the City budget, neighborhoods, water and utilities, land use, parks, and the World Trade Organization (WTO) meeting riots. Also included are files of correspondence with various non-city organizations. The files also reflect work of the 2000 Seattle Chief of Police Search Committee, the 2001 Seattle Fire Chief Search Committee, and the Seattle Police Pension Fund Board.
Correspondence, memoranda, draft legislation, staff reports, and notes related to public safety concerns and city-wide technology issues.
Correspondence, memoranda, draft legislation, staff reports, and notes related to public utilities, telecommunications, cable franchising, and the Seattle Channel during Compton's tenure as committee chair.
Video collected by Councilmember Compton’s office. Topics relate to housing, WTO, and the Seattle Police Department.
Richard Conlin was elected to City Council for the term beginning January 1998. Prior to his election, he served eleven years as director of the Community and Environment Department of the Seattle Metrocenter YMCA. Since the early 1970s, Conlin has worked and volunteered in a variety of businesses and organizations focusing on energy conservation and sustainability issues.
Correspondence, memoranda, reports, studies, and other materials relating primarily to neighborhood planning, zoning, and sustainability issues. Also includes records concerning the proposed exotic animal ban issue, the Green Party, the Washington State Convention Center expansion, and empowerment zones.
Correspondence, memoranda, staff reports, draft legislation, and other materials related to the work of the Neighborhoods Committee during Conlin's tenure as chair.
Agendas, draft legislation, staff reports, correspondence, memoranda, and testimony regarding traffic and transportation issues during Conlin's tenure as Committee chair.
Agendas, draft legislation, staff reports, correspondence, memoranda, and testimony related to the work of the committee during Conlin's tenure as Committee chair. Issues covered include sustainability, emergency preparedness, energy policies, and Seattle Public Utilities.
Agendas, correspondence, reports, and draft legislation related to topics before the committee during Conlin's tenure as chair, including tree protection, urban agriculture, the downtown sign code, and the potential Highline annexation.
Records documenting the work of a committee created to refine rules for implementation of the state's Public Records Act as well as additional efforts to support transparent city government and increased citizen engagement.
Agendas, correspondence, reports, and draft legislation concerning the committee during Conlin's tenure as chair. Issues covered include land use and zoning, housing, transportation, and develompent in South Lake Union.
David Della was elected to City Council in 2003 and served until 2007. He chaired the Parks, Neighborhoods and Education Council (2003-2006) and the Parks, Education, Libraries and Labor Committee for 2007. He was defeated by opponent Tim Burgess in his bid for reelection in 2007. Prior to his election, David Della served as the Deputy Chief of Staff for Mayor Norm Rice, the Director of State's Commission on Asian Pacific American Affairs and the Community Affairs Director for United Way of King County. Since the 1970s he has been involved in a variety of labor and civil rights movements.
Correspondence, memoranda, reports, notes, and press clippings relating especially to parks and transportation issues. The largest quantity of records relate to Parks, specifically the Woodland Park Zoo and its long-range plans and issues surrounding the parking garage, the creation of a skate park and the development of Warren Magnuson Park. Other issues addressed in his records include alternatives for the Alaskan Way Viaduct and the performance of Seattle City Light.
Committee meeting records maintained by David Della during his tenure as committee chair. The Committee began as the Parks, Education and Neighborhoods Committee, but was renamed in 2007. The subjects covered include parks, public grounds, recreation, community centers, the Woodland Park Zoo, Seattle Center, neighborhood plans, outreach, citizen involvement, workforce development and education activities. Records within the collection include committee calendars with roster of issues, staff memoranda, correspondence, reports and draft legislation.
Sue Donaldson served on City Council from 1990 to 1999. She was appointed in 1990 by the City Council to fill the vacancy created when Norm Rice was elected mayor. She subsequently won a special election in 1990 to fill out the balance of Rice's unexpired term and in 1991 was elected for her first full term. While on City Council, Donaldson chaired the Land Use Committee (1990-1993); and Public Grounds, and Recreation Committee (1994-1999. She was Council President from 1998-1999. Donaldson earned her bachelor's degree from Harvard and a law degree from the University of Washington. She worked for Seattle law firm, Perkins Coie, in property law before joining the City Council. After leaving the City Council, Donaldson ran a public policy forum and taught courses in law and public affairs at the University of Washington.
Correspondence, memoranda, reports, notes, and press clippings relating especially to land use issues and parks and recreation. Subjects include historic preservation, open spaces, shoreline park improvements, helicopters and helistop regulations, accessory housing, multi-family zoning, quasi-judicial issues, encroachment on Parks Department property, and environmentally critical areas. Also included are utility issues such as telecommunications, water quality, the Tolt River Filtration Plant, Cedar River conservation, and the 1992 water shortage. Other issues reflected in this series are neighborhood planning, comprehensive planning, and children and youth programs and concerns. The historic landmarks related records predate Donaldson's tenure on the City Council.
Agendas, correspondence, staff reports, draft legislation, and decisions regarding land use issues including SEPA appeals, rezone petitions, historic preservation controls, Council Conditional Use Applications, and zoning text amendments among others. Arranged chronologically.
Committee meeting records maintained by Sue Donaldson during her tenure as committee chair. Includes meeting agendas with schedules of issues and actions taken, staff memoranda, reports, correspondence, and draft legislation relating to parks, recreation, and community oriented social services.
Agendas, draft legislation, staff reports, and notes related to issues before the Government, Education, and Labor Committee.
Agendas, correspondence, and reports of joint meetings between the City Council and the Seattle School Board. The Committee was established to strengthen the relationship between the City and the School District and to explores areas for building on the existing partnerships between the two. Among the many topics covered are the Families and Education Levy, joint use of school and Parks Department properties, and school-to-work issues.
Jan Drago served on City Council from 1994 through 2009. In 1996, she became the first Councilmember since Liem Tuai (1972) to serve as Council President during her first full term in office. She served in this role for four years, in two non-consecutive terms. She chaired committees focused on finance and budget, business and labor, and transportation. Drago was educated at Douglass College, Rutgers University, where she studied psychology. Prior to joining City Council, she was a teacher (1973-1978) and a proprietor of a Haagen Dazs ice cream store (1980-1991). Drago unsuccessfully ran for mayor in 2009. Throughout most of 2010, she served in an interim capacity on the King County Council in the seat vacated by Dow Constantine, who had been elected as King County Executive.
Correspondence, reports, studies, and other materials related to Drago's work on the Council. A substantial portion of the records document her work on transportation projects, including the Alaskan Way Viaduct, the monorail, SR 520, streetcars, Mercer Street, and pedestrian and bicycle issues. Another set of records relates to the city's budget process, reflecting her work as chair of the Budget Committee. Land use issues represented include the comprehensive plan, South Lake Union, and the University of Washington lease lid. Other records relate to animal issues, notably off-leash dog runs, dangerous dogs, dog day cares, and the exotic animal ban. Additional topics documented in the records include homelessness, civic center development, Pine Street, business improvement areas, Pioneer Square, and labor relations. The series also includes records from Drago's work with the Downtown Neighborhood Council and the Mayor's Task Force on the Homeless, which predated her time on City Council.
Agendas, correspondence, background materials, reports, and draft legislation relating to taxation, grants, public corporations, and a wide variety of business issues.
Committee agendas, correspondence, staff reports, draft legislation, and notes related to issues before the Business, Economic and Community Development Committee.
Agendas, correspondence, draft legislation, notes, and other materials related to issues before the City Council's Finance, Budget and Economic Development Committee.
Correspondence, memoranda, staff reports, agendas, draft legislation, and other materials related to municipal finances and business matters that came before the committee during Drago's tenure as chair.
Agendas, correspondence, memoranda, staff reports, draft legislation, and other materials related to general government business matters and labor issues that came before the committee during Drago's tenure as chair.
Agendas, draft legislation, correspondence, reports, and staff notes relating to traffic and transportation issues referred to the Committee during Drago's tenure as chair.
Agendas, draft legislation, correspondence, reports, and staff notes relating to pedestrian safety issues referred to the Committee during Drago's tenure as chair.
The Labor-Management Leadership Committee (LMLC) was formed in 1996 to promote communication and cooperation in the delivery of high quality, cost efficient public service to the citizens of Seattle while maintaining a high quality work environment for City employees. The Committee's mission is to enhance understanding of the problems, challenges, and opportunities facing the City and its workforce. Issues tackled by the LMLC include health care cost containment, managed competition, performance measures, collective bargaining, employment security, job flexibility, compensation philosophy, and technology acquisition, among others.
A Labor-Management Task Force was created on April 11, 1996, and engaged in a month-long planning process to develop a charter for an ongoing group. The LMLC was established with representatives from City Council, the Mayor's Office, the Personnel Department, Office of Management and Planning, Police Department, Parks Department, and the various employee unions.
Videotapes collected by Drago's office during her tenure as City Councilmember. Cataloged individually in Motion Picture Database. Included are interviews with women in law enforcement and a memorial for Councilmember George Benson.
Virginia Galle served two terms on City Council between 1981 and 1989. The daughter of career Salvation Army officers, she was a librarian and high school English teacher in the Midwest before moving to Seattle. Influenced by the women’s movement, in 1965 Galle went back to school to earn a master’s degree at the University of Washington’s Graduate School of Public Affairs, writing her thesis on King County’s home-rule charter. She began working in the City of Seattle’s new Citizens Service Bureau, an agency which served as a resource for information and a clearinghouse for complaints about the city. Galle worked her way up through the ranks to become the head of the agency. In 1973, she became the first woman department head in Seattle city government when she was appointed director of the Department of Licenses and Consumer Affairs. She eventually was fired from that position by Mayor Wes Uhlman after her aggressive pursuit of companies she perceived to be swindling the public. She served as executive director of the Girl Scouts Totem Council from 1977 until she resigned in 1981 to run for a City Council seat vacated by Randy Revelle. While on the Council, Galle chaired the City Operations and Utilities (1982-1983), Environmental Management (1984-1987), and Finance and Personnel (1988-1989) committees. In 1987, she testified before a U.S. Congressional subcommittee on municipal solid waste issues. She lost her seat to Tom Weeks in the 1989 election. After leaving the Council, Galle worked as a consultant and remained active in community affairs.
Correspondence, memoranda, reports, notes, surveys, newspaper clippings, and other materials relating to Galle’s work on various City Council committees. The largest category of records, Utilities, Water, and Waste Management (2.2 cubic feet), reflects Galle’s extensive work on solid waste issues. One major initiative documented in the files is a proposal to demolish the West Point secondary treatment plant and build a new plant in Interbay. The files contain a large number of citizen comments about this plan. Another key topic is solid waste management, including issues surrounding a proposal to build a mass burn incinerator. Public Safety and Health materials (0.8 cubic feet) focus on the development of smoking policies for City employees. Files chronicle the development of the policy, from recruitment of smoking and non-smoking employees to serve on the Citywide Smoking Policy Development Committee through employee input and legal challenges. The Civil Rights and Education category contains 0.4 cubic feet of material pertaining to domestic partnerships. Files relate to two Council Bills addressing domestic partner benefits and use of sick leave and funeral leave for domestic partners. Materials include correspondence, news clippings, constituent letters, and background information. Materials in the Parks, Recreation and Culture (0.2 cubic feet) category pertain to redevelopment of Seattle Center, including files relating to a proposal from Disney to take over the site. Other categories with smaller amounts of material include Personnel (management compensation and the employee charitable campaign); Finance (budget priorities and the admissions tax); Energy (the City Light customer information system); and Land Use & Urban Development (the Seattle/Kent Good Neighbor Program).
Committee agendas, voting records, background materials, and draft legislation relating to municipal utilities and other city-wide municipal operations.
Committee agendas, record of votes, draft legislation, staff reports, and other background material relating to environmental issues.
Committee agendas, record of votes, background material, and draft legislation relating to city finances and personnel issues.
Jean Godden was first elected to City Council in 2003. During her first term, Godden served as the chair of the Energy and Technology Committee. At the start of her second term Godden became the chair of the Finance and Budget Committee. Prior to her tenure on City Council, Godden graduated from the University of Washington School of Communications and was a long time columnist for both the Seattle Post Intelligencer and the Seattle Times.
Committee records maintained by Jean Godden during her tenure as committee chair. These records include committee calendars with rosters of issues, correspondence, reports, presentations and draft legislation relating to Seattle City Light, environmental policy, information technology planning, telecommunications, and the city's website. This committee was formerly known as the Energy and Environmental Policy Committee, but was changed to the Energy and Technology Committee in early 2006.
Agendas, memos, reports, and other records documenting issues discussed by the committee during Godden's tenure as chair. Topics under consideration by the committee included taxicab regulations, audits, business and occupation tax, revenue forecasts, Lake Union Park financing, and funding from the American Recovery and Investment Act and other sources.
Committee records maintained by Jean Godden during her tenure leading the budget development process. Departments represented heavily in the records include City Light, Human Services, and the Police Department. Other topics include 2008 storm costs and the Rainy Day Fund Policy.
Bruce Harrell was elected to City Council in 2008. He chaired the Energy, Technology, and Civil Rights Committee from 2008 to 2011, and in 2012 began chairing the Public Safety, Civil Rights, and Technology Committee.
Correspondence, memoranda, draft legislation, staff reports, and other committee records from Harrell's tenure as committee chair. Issues addressed include broadband service, energy risk management, the digital television transition, body-mounted cameras for police officers, streetlight repair, and the city's response to the winter 2008 storm. From 2008 through 2009, the body was named the Energy and Technology Committee.
Harris served one term on City Council. She unseated incumbent Sam Smith in his bid for a seventh term. During her tenure she served as chair of the Housing, Health, Human Services and Education Committee (1992-1995). She was defeated by John Manning in her bid for reelection in 1995.
Correspondence, memoranda, reports, and other materials related to education, public safety, land use, housing, and social services issues. Topics include the education summit, joint use of school facilities, domestic partnerships, the Comprehensive Plan, the Housing Levy, public restrooms, Just Cause Eviction Ordinance amendments, and drug traffic loitering. Most of the education material predates Harris' tenure on the City Council.
Agendas and supporting documents for two committee meetings: September 29 and December 7. Issues include use of mapping applications by City departments, a Housing Affordability Strategy, appointments and oaths of office for commissions and task forces, and other issues related to health and human services.
Born in Washington, D. C. in 1942 and raised in Colorado, Michael Hildt began his career in the banking industry. In 1971, he gave up a management position at SeaFirst Bank to become director of the Coalition for Open Government. Pushing for a change in the state law requiring financial disclosure of lobbying activities and campaign finance, the group's Initiative 276 passed in 1972, resulting in the state's public-disclosure law.
Subsequently, Hildt worked as head of City Council's policy staff until he ran and was elected to Seattle City Council in 1977 at the age of 35. He won by a margin of 20,000 votes. During the eight-year period Hildt served on City Council, he is perhaps best-known for his work with the Pike Place Market. Hildt forged an agreement between Pike Place Market farmers and artisans known as the Hildt Agreement. Hildt was also active in the City's conservation efforts in the early 1980s and housing issues. He worked to allow apartments attached to single-family homes, or mother-in-law apartments, in order to increase the supply of lower cost housing.
Hildt served two terms on Council, 1978-1986, before choosing not to run for reelection. He chaired the Urban Development and Housing Committee (1978-1981), the Energy Committee (1982-1985), and two ad hoc committees, Shorelines (1979) and Campaign Financing (1984-1985). He was a member of several other committees including: Parks and Community Services (1978-1979), Water and Waste Management (1980-1981), Environmental Management (1984-1985), and Finance (1982-1985).
After leaving City Council, Hildt and his wife, Karen Gates Hildt, moved to the Olympic Peninsula in 1986. He became the first City Administrator for Port Townsend in 1995. In 1999, he earned his master's degree in business from the University of Washington. Hildt died of cancer in December 2001 at the age of 59.
Correspondence, memoranda, reports, studies, and staff notes relating to issues before City Council during Hildt's eight year tenure. Subjects include education, civil right, energy and conservation issues, land use and urban development, housing, economic development, parks, and public health. Specific issues of note that are reflected in Hildt's papers are the Pike Place Market, the Housing Preservation Ordinance, historic preservation, fair employment, and Energy, Ltd. Arranged alphabetically by major issue area.
Committee agendas, draft legislation, and recorded votes of the Urban Development and Housing Committee, chaired by Hildt.
Hill served three terms on City Council, 1968-1980. He declined to run for a fourth, choosing instead to run for City Comptroller. While on the Council, Hill chaired several committees including Streets and Sewers (1968-1971), Transportation (1972-1973), Finance (1974-1977, 1979), Labor (1974-1977), Personnel and Property Management (1978-1979), and a special committee on an Ombudsman (1979).
Correspondence, memoranda, reports, studies, and draft legislation reflecting Hill's activities and interests on Council. Also includes agendas, reports, and draft legislation of six City Council committees including: Finance, Parks and Community Services, Personnel and Property Management, Urban Development and Housing, Transportation, and Labor Relations. The records are identified as Accession 3056 at UW.
Paul Kraabel, a Republican, was appointed to Seattle City Council in 1975, filling a seat vacated by Bruce Chapman. Kraabel worked for 15 years as an electrical engineer with Boeing before joining the City Council. He was also elected to the State Legislature as a representative in 1971 and served for four years. Kraabel won the special election to complete the unexpired term for City Council and served four full terms, retiring at the end of 1991. He returned briefly to City Council in 1996 to fill a seat vacated by Tom Weeks, who resigned to work for the Seattle School District.
Kraabel was City Council President in 1980-1981 and again in 1990-1991. He chaired six different committees during his tenure: Planning and Urban Development (1975-1977, 1984-1989), Water and Waste Management (1978-1979), Labor (1980-1981, 1990-1991), Land Use (1982-1983), Public Safety (1984-1985), and Business (1990-1991). Kraabel's most significant accomplishments were in land use and planning. He defended regulations for houseboat rentals and worked for many years on the downtown land use plan. He was also active in the I-90 bridge planning, and worked to have only three lanes coming into Seattle.
Correspondence, memoranda, reports, notes, and studies relating particularly to downtown planning, land use and transportation issues. Major topics include senior housing, Interstate-90, Westlake Mall, shoreline planning, the CAP Initiative, Washington State Convention and Trade Center, Pioneer Square, Denny Regrade, houseboats, multi-family policies, the West Point Sewage Treatment Plant, Pike Place Market, historic preservation, and general zoning issues.
Agendas of Planning and Urban Development Committee.
Agendas of the Water and Waste Management Committee.
Lamphere was elected to Council in 1968 and served until 1978 when she resigned to become director of Region X, United States Economic Development Agency. She chaired the Planning Committee (1968-1971) and the Intergovernmental Relations Committee (1972-1977) and was Council President in 1978. Lamphere's records are located at the University of Washington.
Correspondence, memoranda, reports, and studies relating to Lamphere's activities and interests on City Council. Prominent subjects include parks, historic preservation, utilities, West Seattle Bridges, social services, and land use planning and zoning. Also includes agendas, correspondence, reports, and draft legislation related to Lamphere's work as chair of the City Council's Intergovernmental Relations Committee.
Correspondence, memoranda, reports, and studies relating to Lamphere's activities and interests on City Council. Prominent subjects include parks, historic preservation, utilities, West Seattle Bridges, social services, and land use planning and zoning.
Nick Licata was elected to the City Council for the term beginning January 1998. Licata is a long time social and political activist. He was a founder of The Civic Foundation and the Friends of Westlake Park, and he was a member of the first board of directors for the Capitol Hill Housing Improvement Program. Licata received his undergraduate training at Bowling Green State University and attained a Master's degree in Sociology from the University of Washington. Prior to his election to City Council, Licata spent 17 years as an insurance broker.
Correspondence, memoranda, staff reports, and notes regarding issues coming before the City Council during Licata's tenure. Primary issue areas include parks and recreation, cultural events and resources, the public library system, and social welfare concerns. The series also includes records related to the Monorail, Pike Place Market and the 1999 World Trade Organization meeting and riots in Seattle.
Correspondence, draft legislation, reports, notes, and staff analysis related to issues and legislation discussed by the Culture, Arts, and Parks Committee during Licata's tenure as chair.
Newsletter created by Nick Licata to provide a forum for his opinions and as a means of disseminating information and public policy issues to his constituents. Subjects include all issues that come before the City Council with emphasis on Licata's special areas of interest including parks and recreation, cultural resources and activities, the arts, transportation, and social justice concerns. The newsletter is distributed electronically, and all issues are available on Licata's website.
Agendas, correspondence, reports, and draft legislation relating to the arts, human rights and discrimination, neighborhood improvement projects, housing, transportation, ethics and elections, and historic landmark preservation. Includes materials on the Seattle Monorail Project (Green Line) and the Downtown Hygiene and Day Center.
Agendas, correspondence, reports, and draft legislation relating to public safety, police accountability, the arts, and human rights and discrimination. In 2004 and 2005 the committee was known as the Public Safety, Civil Rights, and Arts Committee.
Agendas, reports, presentations, background materials, and staff notes relating to pedestrian safety issues referred to the Committee.
Correspondence, draft legislation, reports, notes, and staff analysis related to issues and legislation discussed by the committee during Licata's tenure as chair. Topics discussed included biosafety, prostitution, the Indian Services Board, immigrants and refugees, and homelessness.
Agendas, correspondence, reports, and draft legislation related to topics before the committee during Licata's tenure as chair, including HIV prevention, arts education, cultural overlay districts, and social justice issues.
John Manning was elected to City Council for the term beginning January 1, 1996, but served only one year. He resigned his position late in 1996 because of personal and legal issues. Prior to his election, Manning served 16 years as a Seattle police officer. He was a sergeant on the force when he ran against and defeated incumbent Councilmember Sherry Harris. Manning chaired the City Council's Transportation Comiittee.
Correspondence, memoranda, reports, and studies relating to issues before the City Council during Manning's tenure. The records reflect his particular interest in transportation, public safety, parks and recreation, youth services, and professional sports.
Agendas, correspondence, draft legislation, and staff reports related to legislation and issues discussed by the Transportation Committee.
Massart served on City Council from 1950 to 1966. He was Council President four consecutive years, 1964-1967. He was a leader in spearheading the adoption of a comprehensive plan for rezoning in 1957 and chaired the Judiciary, Public Safety, and Personnel and Efficiency Committees. Massart's records are located at the University of Washington. They also include some personal papers.
Correspondence, reports, newspaper clippings, and photographs collected by Massart while serving on City Council (1950-1967). Includes materials relating to Metro, Seattle Center, Century 21 Exposition, Pacific Science Center Foundation, and the Port of Seattle. Other subjects include transportation, city finances, housing, alcoholism, sports stadium, human rights, and urban renewal.
Richard McIver served 13 years on the Seattle City Council. He was appointed on January 27, 1997, by a vote of the City Council, to fill the seat vacated by John Manning who resigned after pleading guilty to domestic violence charges. McIver was to serve until the next scheduled election when candidates would run to fill out the final two years of Manning’s term. However, McIver chose to run for the seat being vacated by Cheryl Chow who was stepping down after serving two terms on Council.
McIver was elected to a full term at the November 1997 election and subsequently was reelected for two more terms. Although his 1997 election was a landslide victory, he faced stiff opposition in 2001 and 2005. In the former election he faced Grant Cogswell, the mercurial Monorail advocate. McIver won with just under 55 percent of the vote, an unusually narrow margin for a sitting Council member. In 2005, his opponent was State Democratic Party leader Dwight Pelz; this time McIver received 53.5 percent of the vote.
McIver, born in 1941, was a native of Seattle. He graduated from Garfield High School and attended Fairhaven College at Western Washington University where he received an interdisciplinary Bachelor’s degree in Community Development, including majors in Urban Planning and Finance. After college McIver served 16 years with the City of Seattle in the Office of Urban Renewal and the Department of Community Development. Following his tenure with the City, he worked in a variety of planning and community development organizations. Among those was the Washington DC consulting firm A.L. Nellum and Associates where he administered HUD-funded efforts related to economic development in 21 communities around the country. He also served a stint as development director for the Tacoma Housing Authority, and just before his appointment to City Council, McIver was the Executive Director of the Washington Association for Community Economic Development, a state-wide association committed to the revitalization of disadvantaged communities.
While serving on City Council, McIver chaired four committees, all of which covered areas of expertise that he had developed over a long career of public service. He chaired the Transportation Committee (1997-2001); Housing, Human Services and Community Development (2002-2003); Finance and Budget (2004-2007); and Housing and Community Development (2008-2009).
McIver was a powerful advocate for disadvantaged communities and underdeveloped neighborhoods. He was also an outspoken advocate for the City’s Race and Social Justice Initiative, which was created to combat institutional racism. He was fiscally conservative when it came to the City’s budget. As chair of the Budget Committee, he asked critical and sometimes acerbic questions about agency budget items.
McIver’s final term in office was beset with some personal problems and health issues that undoubtedly played a role in his decision not to run for another term.
After McIver left City Council, he became the executive director of the Rainier Valley Community Development Fund, an organization he helped establish in 2006. The Fund provides loans to small businesses and real estate developers in the Rainier Valley.
McIver’s health deteriorated in 2012 following a stroke and he died on March 9, 2013.
Correspondence, memoranda, reports, studies, and other materials reflecting McIver’s interests and work on City Council, especially issues that came before the committees he chaired and those on which he served. Although the records touch on all issues that came before the Council during his tenure, the largest grouping of records relate to transportation issues, housing and neighborhood development, fair extension of social services, police accountability, and race and social justice concerns.
Among the major transportation and traffic issues addressed during McIver’s years on Council were the development and construction of light rail, revitalization of the Magnolia Bridge, discussion of the Alaskan Way Viaduct replacement, implementation of pedestrian safety strategies, building a new SR 520 bridge, and the approval, planning, and ultimate rejection of the Monorail alternative to light rail.
Much of the neighborhood development material relates to south Seattle, especially Duwamish, Rainier Valley, southeast Seattle, and the Central District. The records reflect the City’s concerns over gentrification, affordable housing, gang and youth violence, and economic development. Education and social service issues in the records affect those neighborhoods, but are also City-wide. These include the Families and Education Levy, homelessness, the need for affordable child care, and domestic violence prevention. There are also materials related to equity for women and minorities in contracting and doing business with the City.
Beyond the public safety concerns already noted, McIver’s records illustrate his strong views on police accountability. Subjects covered include the Police Firearms Review Board, Office of Professional Accountability, the OPA Review Board, and issues around racial profiling.
Several files deal with the appointment and confirmation process for department heads, including the failed reappointment of Gary Zarker as superintendent of City Light. Also included are files related to a 2008 ethics investigation of McIver.
Agendas, draft legislation, correspondence, reports, and staff notes relating to traffic and transportation issues referred to the Committee.
Agendas, draft legislation, correspondence, reports, and notes related to issues before the committee during McIver's tenure as chair.
Agendas, draft legislation, staff reports, studies, correspondence, and memoranda related to City finances and budget matters that came before the Committee during McIver's tenure as chair. Arranged chronologically.
Agendas, draft legislation, background information, and reports covering issues before the committee, including multi-family housing, Bush Hotel rehabilitation, Fort Lawton redevelopment plan, and condominium conversion, among others. Arranged chronologically.
Videotape collected by Councilmember McIver during his tenure on City Council. Cataloged individually in motion picture catalog.
Miller served on City Council from 1956 until 1969 when he was appointed interim Mayor to fill the unexpired term of James Dorm Braman. While on Council, Miller twice served as President, 1962-1963 and 1968-1969. Miller's records are located at the University of Washington.
Correspondence, memoranda, and reports relating to Miller's tenure on City Council and his brief stint as acting mayor.
Miller was elected to City Council for the term beginning 1972. He served two terms before leaving the Council to run for the U.S. House of Representatives. He replace Phyllis Lamphere as Council President in August 1978 and served in that capacity through 1979. While on Council, Miller chaired the Planning and Urban Development Committee (1972-1973), Parks and Public Grounds Committee (1974-1977), Finance Committee (1978-1979), Labor Committee (1978-1979), and three ad hoc committees: Westlake Project (1978-1979), Campaign Financing (1978-1979), and Annexation (1979).
Committee calendars, correspondence, staff notes, reports, and draft legislation relating to City parks and public grounds. Arranged chronologically.
Born into a working-class New Jersey home in 1966, Judy Nicastro learned the importance of political power first-hand when she and her mother suffered from funding cuts to widows' benefits in President Reagan's 1981 budget, an experience that helped shape her populist agenda as a Seattle Council Member in later years. Nicastro earned a law degree from the University of Washington in the 1990s, where she also served as Student Body President, before settling in Fremont and working for the Boeing Company as a buyer of 767 airplane parts.
In 1999, at a time of skyrocketing rent increases due to Seattle's booming economy, Nicastro won a Seattle City Council position on a renters' rights platform. This was an important issue to many Seattle residents at the time, fifty-two percent of whom were renters themselves. Nicastro served one term on City Council (1999-2003) and earned a reputation as a fiery character--outspoken, unpredictable, and brash--known for her off-the-cuff comments, verbal assaults on opponents, and continual sparring with Mayor Greg Nickels and labor union leaders. Criticized for her seemingly erratic voting record, she retorted: "I'm not a rubber stamp for anyone. I don't work for the mayor. I don't work for labor. I don't work for the affordable housing community. I work for the people." After initial doubts concerning her effectiveness, Council President Margaret Pageler praised Nicastro for her pragmatic rather than knee-jerk approach to politics, pointing out that she was "more interested in finding solutions than in being politically correct." While many cheered her actions as those of a working-class advocate for the rights of the underdog, others denounced her as a game player lacking seriousness of purpose.
During her time on the City Council, Nicastro chaired the Landlord/Tenant & Land Use Committee and served as vice-chair of the Committee of Culture, Arts & Parks as well as the Housing, Human Services & Community Development Committee. Through her committee work Nicastro helped to make changes which significantly increased Seattle renters' leverage in dealing with landlords. She sponsored a bill which strengthened landlord retaliation provisions in the Municipal Code--changing penalties from criminal to civil--and gave tenants the right to organize for the first time in Seattle history. She also pushed for Emergency Order Tenant Relocation Assistance and led the effort for an expanded rental assistance program, and she lowered parking requirements for affordable housing, making it cheaper for developers to build low-income housing. In 2002, Nicastro was the only Councilmember to oppose placing an $86 million Housing Levy on the ballot, explaining that it would provide too much money for home ownership programs rather than the people the "low income" levy was intended to help.
In addition to advocating for renters' protections and low income assistance, Nicastro became involved with small business incentives and local environmental and humanitarian affairs as well, supporting human services and homelessness funding and sponsoring and defending many issues involving civil rights, communities of color, women and domestic violence, fair labor practices, gay/lesbian/bisexual/transgendered interests, animal rights and off-leash areas, and public safety. As chair of the Land Use Committee, Nicastro was a consistent proponent of more compact urban development, especially in areas where rapid transit had been proposed.
In 2003 Nicastro was one of three council members investigated by the City Ethics and Elections Commission in the "Strippergate" scandal, accused of rezoning a Lake City strip club to allow for additional parking in exchange for campaign contributions from the Colacurcio family, who have alleged ties to Seattle's history of political corruption. The Commission investigation determined that Nicastro had accepted over $22,000 of campaign funding from Frank Colacurcio Jr. and other family members, which at least partially explains her defeat in an attempt at a second term in office.
Correspondence, memoranda, reports, and notes relating to issues before the City Council. Subjects include the World Trade Organization meeting and riots, public safety, the Aquarium, exotic animals, playfield lighting, and the Admiral parking garage.
Agendas, draft legislation, correspondence, staff reports, and other background materials relating to the issues before the Landlord/Tenant and Land Use Committee. In 2002, the committee name was changed back to just Land Use Committee, although landlord/tenant issues are still part of the committee's jurisdiction.
Jane Noland was a member of the Seattle City Council for 12 years, from 1986 to 1997. During her tenure, she chaired three committees: Housing and Human Services (1986-1989), Public Safety (1988-1991, 1996-1997), and Utilities and Environment (1992-1995). Issues of special importance to Noland during her tenure included utility ratepayer's issues, domestic violence, neighborhood concerns regarding noise and traffic, and child care. Noland was born in Washington DC. She received her Bachelor's degree from the University of North Carolina, a Master's degree in Public Law and Government in 1965, and a law degree from the University of Puget Sound. Prior to serving on City Council, Noland was legal counsel to the King County Council and was a litigation attorney at Perkins Coie, a Seattle law firm.
The records include correspondence, reports, notes, and memoranda relating to public safety, regional transit planning, housing, and public utilities issues in Seattle. Includes material on the Police Department management study, drugs and alcohol, parks security, adult entertainment zoning, transportation, housing, and local and regional utilities. Utilities issues documented in Noland's records include solid waste management, water rates, and Seattle City Light issues such as customer service, rates, and facilities. Subjects also documented in her records include neighborhood concerns about noise, discussion of the Seattle Commons, the debate over construction of the baseball stadium, and cable communications franchising.
Agendas, correspondence, reports, notes, and draft legislation relating to health and human services issues. Most of the records are committee agendas.
Agendas of the Public Safety Committee during Noland's tenure as committee chair. Agendas are annotated with committee votes, audio tape information, and some marginal notes, and include some background materials related to issues before the committee.
Agendas of the Utilities and Environmental Management Committee during Noland's tenure as committee chair. Agendas are annotated with committee votes, audio tape information, and some marginal notes.
Video collected by Noland's office during her tenure as City Council member. Cataloged individually in Motion Picture Database.
Mike O'Brien was elected to City Council for the term beginning January 2010. He chaired the Seattle Public Utilities and Neighborhood Committee from 2010 to 2011, and began chairing the Energy and Environment Committee in 2012.
Correspondence, memoranda, draft legislation, staff reports, and other records from O'Brien's tenure as committee chair. Issues addressed include light rail construction, the plastic bag ban, neighborhood economic and cultural growth, "green" jobs and local climate leadership, solid waste reduction, winter preparedness plans, the Neighborhood Matching Fund, watershed management, water rate issues, and SPU's Race and Social Justice Initiative.
Margaret Pageler was elected to City Council for the term beginning January 1992, to fill the seat vacated by the retired Paul Kraabel, and served until 2003. She chaired the Public Safety Committee (1992-1995) during her first term, and the Utilities and Environmental Management Committee (1996-1999) during her second term. She became City Council President in 2000 and chaired two committees: the Water Resources, Solid Waste and Public Health Committee; and the Legislative Department and Intergovernmental Affairs Committee. Pageler was born and raised in China and Taiwan, the daughter of missionaries. She received a law degree from the University of Chicago and practiced utility law for the Seattle law firm, Stoel Rives. Pageler was a Vision Seattle candidate for City Council in three elections prior to winning her first race.
Correspondence, memoranda, studies, staff reports, and newspaper clippings related primarily to public safety and public utilities issues. Major topics include zoning for adult cabarets, drug traffic loitering, fireworks, weed and seed, gun control, police/community relations, internal investigations, specific complaints against the police from the public, electricity rates, Seattle City Light and Seattle Public Utilities management, environmental policies and conservation, water quality, and telecommunications. The series also includes material related to the Comprehensive Plan and zoning.
Agendas, correspondence, staff reports, and draft legislation related to the issues and work of the Utilities and Environmental Management Committee.
Agendas of the Public Safety Committee meetings, including agendas from Jane Noland's tenure as chair. Includes handwritten notes and annotations regarding votes on proposed legislation and issues before the committee.
Correspondence, reports, draft legislation, notes, and committee agendas relating to Seattle's water and solid waste utilities, and public health issues in the City and King County.
Correspondence, memoranda, draft legislation, briefing materials, notes, and staff reports related to the City's relations with other governmental entities, and to internal Legislative Department issues.
Videotapes acquired from City agencies, news organizations, and neighborhood groups during Pageler's tenure on City Council. Topics include neighborhood issues, public health, environmental and civil rights topics. Videotapes cataloged in motion picture database.
Tina Podlodowski was elected to City Council for the term beginning January 1996. During her single term on the Council, she chaired the Neighborhoods and Neighborhood Planning Committee (1996-1997); Technology and Telecommunications Committee (1996); Technology and Labor Committee (1997); and the Public Safety, Health, and Technology Committee (1998-1999). During her tenure on Council, Podlodowski was also an officer of the Economic Development Council locally; an advisory board member of Women for Health Care, Education, Reform, and Equity; and an executive committee member of the International Network of Gay Lesbian Officials. In 1999, she chose not to run for reelection in order to devote more time to her children. Prior to her election to City Council, Podlodowski worked for Microsoft Corporation where she held a variety of positions, including product manager for Microsoft Word, East Coast corporate sales manager, international marketing manager focusing on Europe and the Far East, and director and general manager of Microsoft University, the corporation's worldwide training program. She also co-founded the Gay and Lesbian Employees at Microsoft, and spearheaded the effort to establish domestic partnership benefits at the company.
The records include correspondence, petitions, proposals, constituent letters, and draft legislation related to economic development, City-wide technology issues, comprehensive planning, labor relations, open space, public safety, sexual minorities, housing, and zoning issues. Specific topics include the Sand Point neighborhood, off-leash areas, cable communications, the Added Activities Ordinance, the Seattle Commons, landslides, Bradner Park, and sports stadiums.
Agendas, correspondence, staff reports, and other documents related to neighborhood issues that come before the City Council.
Agendas, staff reports, correspondence and memoranda related to city-wide technology and telecommunications issues. Subjects include cable franchising, system standards, Channel 28, the Public Access Network, and general technology policy.
Agendas, correspondence, staff reports, draft legislation, and notes related to labor issues and City-wide technology development and implementation including cable franchising.
Agendas, briefing papers, staff reports, draft legislation, and correspondence related to issues before the Public Safety, Health, and Technology Committee.
Tom Rasmussen was elected to City Council in 2003. Prior to his tenure on City Council, Rasmussen earned a Bachelor's Degree from Pacific Lutheran University, a J.D. from Valparaiso University, and was an aide to former Councilmember Jeanette Williams.
Committee meeting records maintained by Tom Rasmussen during his tenure as committee chair. These records include committee calendars with rosters of issues, correspondence, reports, and draft legislation relating to homelessness, child care, aging services, disability services, healthcare and housing.
Agendas, draft legislation, background information, and reports covering issues before the committee, including Seattle Center master plan, Parks and Green Space Levy, Magnuson Park, Bell Street Park Boulevard, historic preservation, the Museum of History and Industry, and the Seattle Aquarium. Discussion of the use of surveillance cameras in city parks, among other topics, is included. Arranged chronologically.
Records from a special committee convened to study alternatives for replacing the Alaskan Way Viaduct and central waterfront seawall. Includes discussion of funding, as well as presentations made by the Washington State Department of Transportation.
Committee meeting records maintained by Tom Rasmussen's office. These records include materials on bicycle and pedestrian improvements, the Seattle Transit Master Plan, the First Hill streetcar, retention and enhancement of the electric trolley system, and the King Street Station rehabilitation project. Also includes records of a joint meeting with the Committee of the Built Environment regarding wastewater management and the Barton pump station upgrade.
Revelle was elected to City Council in 1974 and served until 1981 when he resigned to become King County Executive. He chaired the Public Safety and Health Committee (1974-1977), Energy Committee (1978-1981), and the ad hoc Ombudsman Committee (1980-1981).
Primarily reports, studies, and analysis of electric energy issues. Includes information related to conservation, electric rates, load forecasting, costing and pricing, low income weatherization, Washington Public Power Supply System, and Seattle City Light management. Also included is material on the police intelligence gathering ordinance.
Norman B. Rice was born in Denver on May 4, 1943. He received his college education at the University of Washington, earning a bachelor's degree in communications and a Masters of Public Administration. Rice holds honorary degrees from Seattle University, the University of Puget Sound, and Whitman College. Before entering City government, he worked as a reporter at KOMO-TV News and KIXI radio, served as Assistant Director of the Seattle Urban League, was Executive Assistant and Director of Government Services for the Puget Sound Council of Governments, and was employed as the Manager of Corporate Contributions and Social Policy at Rainier National Bank.
Beginning in 1978, Rice served eleven years on City Council, including a term as Council President; he also served as chair of the Energy and Finance and Budget Committees. Rice facilitated the development of more equitable cost allocation and rate design procedures for Seattle City Light as part of his work on the Energy Committee; his accomplishments on the Finance and Budget Committee included the passage of the Women and Minority Business Enterprise Ordinance and the elimination of City investments in firms doing business in South Africa. Norm Rice also worked to improve public safety in Seattle and advocated for the use of local funds to improve conditions for disadvantaged Seattle citizens.
Rice was elected mayor of Seattle for the term beginning January 1, 1990, and served two full terms. He was the first African-American mayor in Seattle's history. An important issue in his first mayoral race was mandatory busing of schoolchildren to improve integration in schools; schools and education continued to be an important issue throughout his tenure as mayor, including support for the Families and Education Levy. Downtown revitalization was also a top priority during his tenure as mayor.
Rice ran for mayor a second time in 1993 and was re-elected. He also served as President of the U.S. Conference of Mayors. After leaving office, Rice served as President and CEO of the Federal Home Loan Bank of Seattle from 1998 to 2004; he then became vice-chair of Capital Access, LLC, and a visiting professor at the University of Washington.
Correspondence, memoranda, reports, and studies relating to Rice and his activities and interests on Seattle City Council. Files primarily concern financial management matters, public safety, housing, energy, education, and the Washington Public Power Supply System (WPPSS). Also documented are issues relating to downtown space planning, solid waste, and Interstate-90.
Records include committee agendas, correspondence, staff reports, and draft legislation relating to the financial management of the City during Rice's tenure as chair of the Finance Committee. Agendas include the legislation and issues under consideration and the committee's actions.
Records include committee agendas, correspondence, staff reports, and draft legislation relating to public safety issues during the first two years that Rice chaired the Public Safety Committee. Agendas include legislation under consideration and action and recommendations by the committee.
Records include committee agendas, staff reports, correspondence, notes, and draft legislation relating to energy issues during Rice's tenure as chair of the Energy Committee.
Records include speeches and prepared statements delivered by Rice during his years on City Council. Includes Martin Luther King Jr. Day speeches and mayoral campaign speeches and policy statements.
Richards served on City Council for one term, 1980-1983. He chaired the Water and Waste Management (1980-1981) and Public Safety (1982-1983) committees. Prior to his Council term, Richards spent two years (1972-1974) as Chief of the Seattle Fire Department.
Correspondence, memoranda, reports, studies, and reference materials relating to water and waste issues, and cable television franchises. Arranged alphabetically by subject.
Records maintained by Richards as committee chair. Includes committee calendars, agendas, staff briefings, memoranda, and committee votes and recommendations relating to water and waste management issues.
Al Rochester, a lifelong Seattle resident, was a New Deal Democrat who served twelve years on the Seattle City Council and became an influential booster of the 1962 Seattle World's Fair. Rochester was born in Seattle, Washington, on March 28, 1895, one of four children from a pioneer Seattle family. His parents, Judge George Alfred Caldwell (G.A.C.) Rochester and Julia Gwynn Smith Rochester, came to Seattle from Kansas City in the late 1880s. G.A.C. followed his brothers, Junius and Percy, to what was considered the bountiful Pacific Northwest. Despite the fact that the three brothers found themselves caught in the 1893 depression, they prospered in business (Percy) and the Law (Junius and G.A.C.).
Al Rochester graduated from Broadway High School and served in World War I (1917-1918), seeing action in the second battle of the Marne and at Meuse Argonne. Following the Great War, Rochester served a short stint as a Wall Street bond salesman. However, he soon returned to Seattle and at age 36 married Marguerite Reynolds; they had two children, Junius and Mary Ellen.
During World War II, Rochester served as state director of the Office of War Information. In the mid-1940s, having been bitten by government service and by Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal, he ran for elective office – the Seattle City Council. To his surprise, he was a winner and served on the Council from 1944 to 1956. Among his proudest contributions during that time were his chairmanship of the Parks and Streets and Sewers committees; his leadership in the adoption of daylight savings time, one-way streets, and special street parking for the physically handicapped; and his advocacy for construction of the Alaskan Way Viaduct. During his City Council tenure, Rochester served as "official greeter" to more than one-half million U.S. military personnel returning from the Korean War.
At the age of 14, Rochester had operated a bread-slicing machine at a restaurant in the “Pay Streak” carnival section of the 1909 Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition exposition. Nearly five decades later, he proposed a golden anniversary commemoration of AYPE. At a small, informal Washington Athletic Club luncheon during the mid-1950s, Rochester proposed a Seattle “world’s fair.” His luncheon mates seconded the idea and Rochester returned to his City Council office to draft a Memorial to the state legislature suggesting such an event. In 1957, the State Legislature allocated $7.5 million for a fair and authorized creation of the World's Fair Commission. Rochester served for a time as Executive Director of the Washington State World’s Fair Commission. The eventual result of his idea was Century 21, the 1962 “Seattle World’s Fair.”
Besides his civic work, Rochester threw himself into non-profit and charitable endeavors. He was an officer of the Pioneer Association of Washington State, chairman of the King County U.S.O., and chairman of the Easter Seal campaign for crippled children. He also served as organizer and chairman of the local Infantile Paralysis Foundation chapter, was director of Red Cross and Heart Association campaigns, and was twice president of the Young Men’s Democratic Club of Seattle and King County.
Rochester died in Seattle at the age of 93, on February 4, 1989.
Correspondence, speeches and writings, photographs, and newspaper clippings from Rochester's years on City Council. Includes correspondence and advertising from his unsuccessful re-election campaign in 1956.
This series is comprised of two scrapbooks compiled by Rochester's daughter, Mary Ellen Rochester. Volume 1 contains newspaper clippings from Rochester's public life, focusing almost exclusively on his years as a City Council member. However, there are a few clippings that pre-date and post-date his tenure on the Council. The second volume is devoted to newspaper clippings commemorating the 25th anniversary of the 1962 Seattle World's Fair.
Born in 1931, Dolores Sibonga grew up in Seattle's International District. She received her B.A. in journalism in 1952 and a law degree in 1973, both from the University of Washington. She was the first Filipina-American admitted to the Bar Association in Washington State. Prior to attending law school, Sibonga worked in radio and television in Spokane and Seattle, including producing documentaries, and publishing a community newspaper. After receiving her law degree, Sibonga served as a public defender and later was Deputy Director of the Washington State Human Rights Commission.
Sibonga was appointed in 1978 to fill Phyllis Lamphere's seat until a special election was held. She did not run in the special election, but was subsequently elected to Council for the term beginning in 1980. She chose not to stand for reelection in 1992. While on Council she chaired four committees: Personnel and Property Management (1978, 1980-1981), Parks and Community Resources (1982-1983, 1988-1989), Finance (1984-1987, 1990-1991), and Labor (1986-1987). During her tenure on the City Council, Sibonga championed minority hiring by the City, increased expenditures for parks, Japanese-American reparations, and maintaining the local character of Seattle Center during a proposed redesign of the facility by the Disney Corporation.
After her Council term expired, Sibonga resumed her law practice and served on the Horse Racing Commission and Human Rights Commission.
Correspondence, memoranda, draft legislation, reports, testimony, and notes concerning issues before City Council while Sibonga was a council member. The collection contains a significant volume of materials relating to the Pro Parks levy. This $188 million bond issue would have financed park improvements and acquisitions of land for new parks. The levy appeared on the ballot in 1982 and was defeated. Also documented in Sibonga's files are discussions about the site of the Martha Washington School. When the school closed, the city purchased the property and eventually turned it into a park. Other materials in the collection cover the planning for the new downtown Seattle Art Museum, which opened in 1991, funded by a 1986 levy. Additionally, the materials document Sibonga's work on issues relating to Seattle Center, including redevelopment of the Fun Forest amusement area, as well as the Walt Disney Company's 1988 proposal to revitalize the Center, which was rejected after citizens protested Disney's plans to commercialize the campus and demolish the International Fountain, Center House, and other structures. Other topics covered in the collection include the Seattle Mariners, Japanese-American reparations, the proposed Ackerley Arena, and the Nuclear Freeze Resolution.
Committee calendars, correspondence, memoranda, reports, notes, and legislation relating to personnel reclassifications, sale of surplus property, affirmative action, fair employment practices, open housing, collective bargaining, and police intelligence gathering. Arranged chronologically.
Committee calendars, correspondence, memoranda, reports, notes, and draft legislation relating to City parks, recreation, community centers, festivals, and the arts. Arranged chronologically.
Papers of the Finance Committee collected by chairman Dolores Sibonga. Among the subjects regularly addressed by the committee are reviewing departmental annual reports, operating budgets, emergency fund requests and grant applications. In addition it adopts the budgets and investment plans and authorized collective bargaining agreements and payments for at fault accidents involving city vehicles.
Sam Smith was born on July 21, 1922 in Gibsland, Louisiana, the son of a Baptist minister. In 1942, he was drafted and stationed in Seattle, prior to serving in the South Pacific theater during World War II. After his tour of duty, Smith returned to Seattle to attend college. He earned a bachelor's degree in social science from Seattle University and a bachelor's degree in economics from the University of Washington; he also did graduate work in economics and political science at the University of Washington.
Smith went to work for the Boeing Company in 1952 where he was employed for nearly 17 years. He was elected to the Washington State Legislature in 1958, representing the 37th District for five consecutive terms. The high point of his legislative career was the State's passage of the Open Housing Act in 1967.
Smith ran for and was elected to the Seattle City Council in 1968; he was the first African-American to serve on the City Council. During his 24 years on the Council, Smith chaired the Public Safety Committee (1968-1973, 1978-1981), Housing and Human Services Committee (1982-1985), Labor Committee (1988-1989), and the Utilities Committee (1990-1991). He served as Council President in 1974-1977 and 1986-1989.
During Smith's years on the City Council, he championed causes such as local open housing; youth employment; juvenile crime prevention; and racial, religious, and economic equity. The outspoken Smith was less concerned with consensus than the construction of a legislative majority. He was often heard to remark of the nine-member City Council, "Five votes is policy."
Sam Smith was defeated for reelection in 1991 by Sherry Harris. Following a long battle with illness, he died in November of 1995.
General correspondence and responses to and from constituents, covering a wide array of topics. The series generally includes complaints, requests to investigate issues and allegations, invitations, thank you letters, and marketing/lobbying correspondence. Many letters are from individuals and organizations seeking Smith's support for issues that are coming before the City Council, or asking his active support for issues taken up by other jurisdictions.
Correspondence, memoranda, reports, and studies relating to Smith's activities and interests on City Council, especially during his final six years in office. Primary subjects include utilities, public safety, social services, and issues of particular importance to the African-American community.
Correspondence to and from City departments and regional agencies, including letters to Smith which he forwarded to relevant departments for their response. The largest body of material relates to utilities, public works, parks, and public safety. The vast majority of the correspondence comprises constituent regarding charges of racial discrimination, complaints against the Seattle Police Department, issues related to utility billing, and the discontinuation of utility services. In some cases, the original correspondence went to another official or directly to a specific department which in turn forwarded a response to Smith because it was felt that he would have a particular interest in the issue, Files are arranged alphabetically by department.
Correspondence, reports, notes, and agendas of the City Council Utilities Committee. Smith chaired the committee during his final term on City Council.
James Street was born August 9, 1942. He received a bachelors degree and Master of Public Affairs from Princeton University. Street served four years as an Air Force intelligence officer during the Vietnam War. Following the war, he was employed as an economist and budget analyst at the World Bank (1971-1974), but then enrolled at the University of Puget Sound where he received his law degree in 1977. Street practiced anti-trust and labor law with Schweppe, Krug, and Tausend, a Seattle law firm, from 1977-1983.
Street ran for City Council in 1983, defeating incumbent Jack Richards; his tenure began in January 1984. Street's primary issues while on Council were land use and regional growth and education issues. He served as chair of the Land Use Committee (1984-1989), Growth Policies and Regional Affairs Committee (1990-1995), and was Council President in 1994-1995. He also proposed and chaired the Council's first Education Committee (1988-1989). Street also served as president of the Puget Sound Regional Council in 1992 and 1993.
Street was a driving force behind the creation of the Department of Neighborhoods (DON) and the development of the Neighborhood Matching Fund grant program within DON. The bulk of his records documents Street's influence in land use issues, particularly in development of the City's comprehensive plan, establishing policies for major institutions, environmental protection, and downtown planning. He was also an advocate for low income housing and housing preservation. In the area of education, Street pushed hard for the City's Families and Education Levy and implementation of the Children and Youth Action Plan for at-risk families.
Street made an unsuccessful run for mayor in 1989. He chose not to run for reelection to City Council in 1995. Following his tenure on the Council, Street spent four years as a Superior Court judge, including one year in juvenile court. In 2001, he became a steering committee member and director of the Reinvesting in Youth program, a regional effort in prevention and early intervention with at-risk youth.
Correspondence, memoranda, reports, studies, and staff reports relating primarily to land use and regional planning issues including the downtown plan, neighborhood planning, housing, major institutions and multi-family zoning, economic development, annexations, and the Comprehensive Plan. Also includes material regarding education and the public schools, childcare and youth programs, the Mariners stadium proposal and use of the north Kingdome parking lot, and the Seattle Commons proposal.
Agendas for meetings of committee dealing with regional growth and planning issues. Includes committee votes and cross references to audio tapes of meetings.
Committee agendas including members present, the short title of legislation being considered, and action taken. Attached to calendars are briefing memoranda from committee staff. For the period covered, the committee was known as Planning and Urban Development, then Urban Development.
Agendas for City Council's Education Committee. Agendas include number and title of legislation, resolutions, and comptroller files.
Peter Steinbrueck served just over ten years on the Seattle City Council (1997-2007), including one term as Council President (2002-2003). He was elected at the 1997 general election to fill the remainder of the term of a vacated position and took office nearly two months early. During his tenure on City Council, Steinbrueck chaired the Housing, Human Services, Education and Civil Rights Committee (1998-2001); the Parks, Education, and Library Committee (2002-2003), and the Urban Development and Planning Committee (2004-2007).
In his ten years on the council, Steinbrueck led numerous legislative efforts advancing sustainable practices in areas of public policy, planning, and regulation, including land use and development. He was particularly active in crafting and supporting legislation regarding housing and human services; eradication of homelessness; transportation and urban mobility; parks and open space; historic preservation; water resource management; municipal waste reduction and recycling; and education.
An architect by training, Steinbrueck brought these skills to bear on issues of community design and in the development of public buildings such as Seattle City Hall, the Justice Center, Seattle Central Library and branch libraries. He was instrumental in pushing Seattle’s leadership in green building promotion which helped stimulate Washington's 2005 passage of the nation's first law requiring LEED Silver rating for public buildings.
Steinbrueck was born in 1957 and raised in Seattle. His father was noted architect Victor Steinbrueck (1911-1985) who was a prime mover in the early 1970s initiative to preserve Pike Place Market. Peter Steinbrueck received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Government from Bowdoin College, and a Master of Architecture from the University of Washington College of Built Environments. Prior to his election to City Council, Steinbrueck had a successful architectural practice specializing in residential design.
Steinbrueck is a long-time civic activist. He was one of the leaders of the successful Citizens Alternative Plan initiative campaign to manage growth in downtown Seattle, and he is a co-founder of 1000 Friends of Washington, a group dedicated to reducing urban sprawl and preserving the region's natural resources.
Following his tenure on City Council, Steinbrueck established the firm Steinbrueck Urban Strategies, LLC, providing strategic planning advice to public, institutional, and private sector clients interested in advancing system-wide approaches to sustainability and master planning. He is visiting lecturer at the University of Washington’s College of the Built Environment.
In 2009 Steinbrueck was named a Loeb Fellow in the Graduate School of Design at Harvard University, where from 2009 to 2010 he completed an academic year of independent research focused on the environment, climate change and urban sustainability in the United States.
Correspondence, memoranda, reports, studies, and staff analysis related to Steinbrueck's work on City Council. A substantial portion of the records deal with urban planning, development, design, environmental issues, and comprehensive planning, and reflect his concerns about sustainability and quality of life as affected by the built environment. Also significant in this series are records related to his work on low and moderate income housing, human services, homelessness, neighborhood planning, parks and recreation, and cultural and heritage activities. During Steinbrueck's tenure, City Council dealt with, and his records reflect, controversial issues and events and large projects such as development of the Cedar River Watershed Habitat Conservation Program, expansion of the Washington State Convention Center, incineration of medical waste, the Pacific Place garage, the proposed monorail lines, development and construction of a new Civic Center campus, and the World Trade Organization (WTO) meeting in Seattle.
Agendas, correspondence, draft legislation, reports, staff analysis, and notes related to issues before the Housing, Human Services, Education and Civil Rights Committee during Steinbrueck's tenure as chair.
Agendas, correspondence, memoranda, staff reports, draft legislation, and notes related to issues before the Parks, Education and Libraries Committee during Steinbrueck's tenure as committee chair.
Correspondence, memoranda, staff reports, draft legislation, and notes related to urban planning, development, the built environment, and sustainability issues during Steinbrueck's four-year tenure as committee chair.
Moving images, primarily VHS, collected during Steinbrueck's tenure on City Council. Items cataloged individually in motion picture database.
Weeks defeated incumbent Virginia Galle in the 1989 election for City Council and served until 1997. During his tenure he chaired the Housing and Human Services Committee (1990-1991), Finance Committee (1992-1995), and Personnel and Labor Policy Committee (1996-1997). Weeks resigned from Council in 1997 to become human resources director for the Seattle School District.
Correspondence, memoranda, reports, studies, and notes related primarily to budget and finance issues, and human services. Topics include departmental mergers, gay and lesbian issues, taxicab fares, block grants, education, the Seattle Commons, City financial management, capital financing, and housing issues.
Committee agendas, draft legislation, staff reports, and supporting documentation related to issues the come before the committee.
Finance Committee agendas, draft legislation, staff reports and memoranda, and other background materials related to City finances and budget issues.
Born in Seattle in 1918, Jeanette Williams attended Mercer Grade School and graduated from Queen Anne High School. She attended the Cornish School of Music and received degrees from the University of Washington and the American Conservatory of Music in Chicago as a violin major. She married in the 1940s and settled in Seattle, raising her two children in View Ridge.
In 1962, Williams became chairperson of the King County Democrats. Running for City Council in 1969, Williams stressed two issues: establishing City programs for senior citizens and issues surrounding turning Sand Point Naval Base into a park. Williams served on City Council from 1970 until 1989, when she was defeated in her bid for a sixth term after a fiercely competitive race against Cheryl Chow.
Williams chaired six committees during her tenure on City Council, including: Human Resources and Judiciary 1970-1977; Transportation 1978-1981 and 1988-1989; Labor 1982-1983; City Operations 1984-1985; Parks and Public Grounds 1986-1987; and Intergovernmental Relations 1986-1989.
One of Williams' earliest accomplishments was the establishment of the Fair Campaign Practices Ordinance in 1971 and subsequent amendments. Legislation included a matching fund program and required candidates to list their contributors. The City ordinance was used by the State later when it drafted a campaign reform law. Two other important projects in Williams' tenure include construction of the West Seattle Bridge and acquisition of Kubota Gardens in the Rainier Beach area. The Office of Hearing Examiner was also created under Williams. Established in 1973, it was a judicial body ruling on land-use disputes.
Williams successfully advocated the creation of the Seattle Women’s Commission which was established in 1971. Her work on the women's issues was recognized at the first annual Seattle Women’s Summit on October 19, 2002. She also worked on issues related to equal rights in housing and employment. As the Chair of the Parks and Public Grounds Committee Williams worked on issues related to the Disney proposal for Seattle Center redevelopment. Williams' interest in the development of Sand Point Magnuson Park existed many years prior to its creation in 1974.
Williams continued to be active in civic duties after leaving City Council. In 1999, she was appointed by the mayor to the Sand Point Blue Ribbon Committee, charged to review the park’s plan and make recommendations. She was the Chairperson of the Sand Point Liaison Committee during the 1990s. Williams served on the Advisory Council of the Seattle-Chongqing Sister City Association and served as a member of United Neighbors. In 2003, she was named to an 18-member Citizen Advisory Panel on Council Elections that studied the pros and cons of district, proportional, at-large, and other forms of representation. Williams died October 24, 2008.
Subject files of Jeanette Williams reflecting her career on Seattle City Council. Major topics include transportation, especially construction of the West Seattle Bridge and I 90; parks and recreation, including Discovery Park and the Seattle Center; and records on legislation related to ethics, fair campaign practices, and open housing. Of note as well is material related to the Office of Women's Rights and the Seattle Women's Commission.
Speeches, prepared statements, and articles prepared for community meetings, hearings, conferences, and publications. Subjects include regional transportation planning, aging, women's rights, access to government, community development, and human resources planning, among others.
Committee agendas, draft legislation, staff reports, and other background materials relating to municipal utilities and city operations.
Committee agendas, draft legislation, staff reports, and other background material and supporting documents relating to issues involving Seattle and other governmental jurisdictions.
Committee agendas, records of votes, staff reports, and draft legislation relating to parks, playfields, and other public recreational areas.
Committee agendas, draft legislation, staff notes, record of votes, and background material relating to traffic and transportation issues in Seattle.
Committee agendas, correspondence, staff reports, notes, and draft legislation relating to issues before the Human Resource and Judiciary Committee. Also known as Human Resources and Operations Committee.
Records documenting Williams' work in Democratic politics, as well as materials from her various City Council campaigns. Series also contains news clippings, correspondence, and ephemera.
Photographs of Williams' in her work on City Council, including ceremonies and community events. Also included are poltiical activities and photographs of Williams with other politicians. About half of the images have been scanned and are available in the Photograph Database with a search for 4693-11.
Born in 1968, Wills attended the University of Washington earning a degree in history of science, technology and medicine. While at the University, Wills was elected UW student body president. After college, Wills worked as an aide to King County Executive Ron Sims. She was elected to City Council in 1999, defeating Charlie Chong, to serve a four-year term. She was defeated by David Della in 2004.
During her tenure on Council, Wills was chair of the Energy and Environmental Policy Committee and vice-chair for the Housing, Human Services, Education, and Civil Rights Committee, and the Transportation Committee. She was passionate about environmental issues, and worked towards establishing standards for "green" buildings, as well as air and water quality issues. The Energy Committee also gave Wills one of her most difficult jobs, that of managing the electric utility during a volatile energy market. Under Wills, council approved four rate increases to start paying off debt. Wills was also involved in the search for a new superintendent for City Light.
Perhaps the major challenge Wills faced during her term was questionable campaign contributions from strip club owner Frank Colacurcio and land use zoning at his club "Rick's." She repaid the contributions and a fine but the issue may have cost her re-election. Wills also worked on third-party billing for water and sewer. The proposed legislation was an attempt to regulate how landlords bill their tenants for utilities.
She was married during her tenure on City Council, to Kobi Yamada in 2002. In 2005, Wills became Executive Director of The First Tee of Great Seattle, part of a World Golf Foundation initiative dedicated to providing young people of all backgrounds an opportunity to develop through golf and character education.
Correspondence, reports, studies, notes, and other materials related to issues before the City Council during Wills' tenure. Broad issues include transportation, land use, social services, parks, and public safety. Specific topics include the proposed exotic animals ban, homelessness, neighborhood planning, vehicle impoundment, the teen dance ordinance, and Sound Transit.
Correspondence, memoranda, draft legislation, reports, notes, and agendas for the Energy and Environmental Policy Committee during Wills' tenure as committee chair.
Video collected by Councilmember Wills and staff during Wills' tenure Councilmember. Cataloged individually in motion picture index; video primarily relate to environmental issues.